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book reports rubric Paper Bag Book Report. This is a fun alternative to essay heading the standard book report, which many students have come to know and hate. It can be used with any story or novel and includes the main elements of setting, plot, characters and theme. Students really enjoy this form of assessment as a change and essayer en ligne are usually excited to mla college heading share their work. Therefore, this is a perfect opportunity to also address oral presentation skills of speaking and listening, in addition to the comprehension and essayer presentation of the main story elements.
Other bonuses to the paper bag book report: -Students enjoy it. -It is easily adaptable to any grade level. - It’s quick and easy to assess. -You can change the essay assignment to include: an example of figurative language - a metaphor, simile from the novel, a favorite quote with an illustration, an important quote from a character – whatever you choose to mla college essay heading focus on. -Requires students to provide the necessary information in a small area – therefore they need to cut to the chase and essay must truly understand the typing speed story. -It makes a nice display when complete. -Can be adapted to mla college essay other areas: * You could complete a poetry report where students present their favorite line(s) from the poem, other titles by the same author, good examples of descriptive language etc.; in addition to items inside the bag that represent the main idea(s) from the poem. *You could also use this assignment to assess non-fiction topics: social studies content, science concepts, healthy eating etc. Paper Bag Book Report. You will be completing a paper bag book report as an assessment for this novel/story. Personal! For this book report, you must consider each the following: setting, plot, main character, and theme. There are four panels on a paper bag. You will be expected to dedicate one panel of your brown paper bag to each of these four elements. 1. Mla College Essay! For the setting, you must include the time and place (if there is lentille more than one time/place include those too). As well, you must create a small illustration to add to this panel that illustrates one of the main settings in the novel. 2. You must summarize the plot in a few sentences – keep it short and essay heading sweet. Many times, this is more difficult than writing a lengthy description.
3. Tell about the main character on times personal essay ideas the third panel. Do not focus on mla college heading the physical and the obvious. Tell how this character changed throughout the story. What happened to him/her to cause this change etc.? You can include the obvious information (family background, physical traits etc.). However, don’t include ONLY this information. As well , list the other major/minor characters in the story by name on this panel. 4. The final panel must be about the theme of the book.
What is the theme(s) and what are your feelings about the message in this novel? · The information for each panel must be neatly written/typed on a small piece of paper and heading glued/taped to mla college heading the bag. You won’t need any more than a paragraph or so for each panel. · Drawings/visuals are welcome, but optional. · Be sure to include the title of the essay novel, author and your name clearly on the outside of the bag. You must include 10 items in your bag that have some significance to the story. Be imaginative…Think outside of the box. Mla College Essay! You can use toys, modeling clay, or anything else that may represent something important from the story. Make sure each item that you pick is unique and include a one sentence descriptor attached to the item about its significance. You will be expected to share your book report with the class (inside and out) and will be marked on: inclusion of the typing speed setting, plot, major character, theme and conventions (for the outside of the mla college essay heading bag), your ten items inside the bag and your overall speaking/listening skills during the presentation. Essays In French! This will give you a total mark out of 50 for this book report. Have fun and do your best!
Name: ____________________ Date:_____________. Paper Bag Book Report Rubric. Includes ALL settings and times that were important to the book, as well as an appropriate illustration. Includes most of mla college essay settings and times that were important to the book, as well as an sample, appropriate illustration. Includes either some settings and times that were important to the book or an appropriate illustration. Includes incorrect or incomplete settings/times and/or an incomplete illustration.
Includes ALL key events to story, without retelling the entire book; includes only the essay heading most necessary information. Includes most key events to story, without retelling the entire book; includes only the personal most necessary information. Includes some key events to story, but excludes other important events. Includes an inadequate explanation of the plot, excluding many of the key events. Mla College Heading! Includes ALL important information about the main character (including how s/he changed over lentille de couleur, the course of the story, as well as the more obvious character traits) ALSO, names ALL other major and mla college essay heading minor characters that were discussed in the story.
Includes most important information about the main character (including how s/he changed over the course of the story, as well as the more obvious character traits) ALSO, names most/all other major and minor characters that were discussed in the story. Essayer De Couleur! Includes some important information about the mla college heading main character, but excludes other. ALSO, names some other major and minor characters that were discussed in the story. Includes little important information about the main character OR chooses a minor character rather than the main character. May or may not include other major and minor characters that were discussed in the story. Includes a complete description of the mla college essay theme(s) of the book AND a well explained personal opinion concerning the theme(s) Includes a good description of the theme(s) of the book AND a well explained personal opinion concerning the essay heading theme(s) Includes some information about the times ideas theme(s) of the book, but omits the personal opinion about the theme(s) Includes incomplete/ inaccurate information about the theme(s) and may or may not include an mla college heading, opinion about the theme(s) All spelling and punctuation is correct; title, author and name are included. Most spelling and punctuation is correct; title, author and name are included. There are many errors with conventions; title, author and name are included.
There are multiple errors with conventions; key information missing. On the Inside: Students will receive one mark for each unique item that they have included inside the paper bags for new york personal a total of mla college essay ten marks (Be sure to label each with a sentence strip) A note about the oral presentation: It#39;s not necessary to have the students all present to the whole class. If you know that you#39;ll have opportunities to record oral presentation skills at mla college heading, another time in the term, you can try the following, more stream-lined option. -Have students break into smaller groups, perhaps 3-4 groups, depending on class size and mla college spread out around the room. -Students then present to their own smaller group of 6 -10 students (you can even number students so that they know their presentation order). -Students still need to essay heading present effectively in mla college, front of the group (in correspondence with the rubric) but should be less nervous as it#39;s to a much smaller group. -You should be able to gather data on at least half of the lentille de couleur en ligne class during the presentations. -You should play the role of timer so that one presentation doesn#39;t drag on mla college essay heading for 10 minutes. In French Literature! -While you are observing presentations and scoring with the mla college rubric, you also need to take notes on the active listening of the other students in heading, the group. Make sure students know that you#39;ll be watching them and marking them on their listening skills. Essay Heading! -The other members of each group should have a peer assessment task to complete while each student presents. The most simple way to do this, is to ask each student to write what the student did a good job of during the presentation (they can use the rubric to guide them) and what content and ideas they liked and ONE thing that the personal student could have done differently. They can write these down, share them and/or give the written copy to mla college essay heading the presenter at the end. Make sure that everyone knows that this ONE thing for improvement is for the everyone#39;s good, because no one is perfect.
It is meant to be helpful NOT to hurt anyone#39;s feelings. Name: _____________________________ Date: ___________________. Oral Presentation Rubric. Maintained excellent eye contact for heading the entire presentation. Maintained good eye contact for mla college essay the entire presentation.
Maintained some eye contact during the presentation. Avoided eye contact. Mla College Heading! Confidence and Preparation. Showed a high level of confidence and was ready to present. Showed some confidence and was ready to present. Was not ready to present, but was somewhat confident without preparation. Lacked confidence; wasn’t ready to present. Volume of Voice. Appropriate volume and tone of voice for the entire presentation.
Appropriate volume and tone of voice for most of the presentation. Appropriate volume and tone of voice after intervention from the heading teacher. Inappropriate volume/tone of essays voice even after intervention from the mla college teacher. Listened actively for ALL of the presenters. Listened actively for most of the presenters. Listened actively for some of the presenters.
Had to be asked to listen more actively. Asked more than one question/ comment during the presentations. Asked one question/comment during the presentations. Did not volunteer a question/ comment during the presentations.
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My Childhood Memory Essays and Research Papers. Childhood is the most innocent phase of man's life. With the passage of time, it fades into adolescence and mla college adulthood. Yet the long proposal sweet . memories of childhood linger on. My childhood recollections are those of mla college heading a sheltered and times ideas carefree life, nurtured with love and concern. As I was the heading first child in the family, everybody doted on me. My funny lisping, my innocent mischief and my inane talk-everything was a source of immense pleasure to them. There was never a word of reproach or censure against me. Anxiety , Childhood , Childhood Memories 2409 Words | 7 Pages. ? My Antonia: The Natural Changes in essay heading, Willa Cather’s Work My Antonia, a novel by Willa Cather, is mla college essay heading, written in the account of Jim . Burden, a fictional character who resembles Cather in a lot of ways. Being born in Virginia but grew up in Nebraska, Willa Cather is famous for her works about life on the Great Plains of the Mid-West.
This story, supposedly written by Jim, is essayer lentille de couleur en ligne, set in heading, the stage of westward migration in the mid-late 1800s, and tells Jim’s experience as a child growing up in Black Hawk, Nebraska. Agriculture , Childhood Memories , Great Plains 1612 Words | 5 Pages. A Childhood of long Emigration: a Commentary on Originally by mla college essay Carol Ann Duffy. A Childhood of new york times essay ideas Emigration: A Commentary on essay heading, “Originally” by Carol Ann Duffy Outgrowing childhood is leaving many cherished . people, memories and treasures behind. Emigrating in childhood is leaving a culture, a language and a home behind. Carol Ann Duffy moved from Glasgow, Scotland to Stafford, England when she was six years old, in the 1960s, thus later writing this poem “Originally”. Through laying out childhood memories and new york times ideas ending on the note that she hesitates when asked of her origin, Carol. Carol Ann Duffy , Childhood Memories , Memory 1126 Words | 3 Pages. Essay analysis chapter 4 Clear Light of Day by mla college heading Anita Desai.
married and became a mother is representing the child figure). There's also the fact that Bim is mla college heading, taking the mum figure, nursing her brothers and sisters, . taking care of the house, keeping the garden alive and so on. Heading? However, she's also destroying childhood memories (as the rose) to types of vacations classification, refresh everybody's purpose. Perhaps Desai wants to remind the reader that they are grown adults, they have to let their infancy (and everything attached to mla college heading, it) behind them to new york times ideas, finally move on. Essay? Perhaps the writer is trying to. Childhood Memories , English-language films , Family 1071 Words | 3 Pages. Childhood Memory Childhood is new york personal essay ideas, full of imagination and memories . My fondest . childhood memory would have to be when I was around four years old. At that time, I had a stuffed frog. I took it where ever I went. Essay Heading? The stuffed frog was a gift and from the essays literature moment I received it, it became my best friend.
I still remember the day I got it. It was Christmas Day, and out of all of the other gifts that I received, this one caught my eye immediately. Mla College Essay? He was a present from essays, my grandfather. English-language films , Memory , Red 405 Words | 3 Pages. Creative writing, Memories of My Childhood The memories of mla college essay my early childhood are like scattered, partially lost pieces of a huge mosaic.
I am only mla college heading, five, and . instead of sleeping late like other kids would do, I don't want to mla college essay heading, stay in bed, don't want to miss the heading mystery, the beauty of the world's awakening. Heading? My older brother and cousins are up already and drag their bare feet on the wooden floor. I still can vividly picture that floor- old, caved in, coated with brown paint a thousand times, the floor in my Grandma's house. Essays In French Literature? The memories of my. Childhood , Family , Grandparent 1102 Words | 3 Pages. During our childhood , there are many events that are memorable and influential; Memories are a part of life. We use our . memory function to recall the mla college essay heading memories we once had. Memory is a vital part of the learning process. Without it, learning would be impossible. If our brain recorded nothing from the past, we would be unable to resume, learn anything new.
All our experiences would be lost as soon as they ended, and each new situation would be totally unfamiliar. If memories hindered or helped people in essay heading, their. 2008 albums , Best Friends , English-language films 1239 Words | 3 Pages. Creative writing, Memories of My Childhood The memories of my early childhood are like scattered, partially lost pieces of a huge mosaic. I am only five, and . instead of sleeping late like other kids would do, I don't want to stay in bed, don't want to lentille de couleur en ligne, miss the mystery, the beauty of the mla college heading world's awakening. New York Personal Essay? My older brother and cousins are up already and drag their bare feet on essay, the wooden floor. I still can vividly picture that floor- old, caved in, coated with brown paint a thousand times, the floor in my Grandma's house. The memories of my. Childhood , Family , Grandparent 1102 Words | 3 Pages. THE CHILDHOOD AND THE FAMILY As you remember the good times, the fun, the long proposal sample understanding and mla college love felt and essayer lentille en ligne shared – as a feelings stir . to heading, life all over again and then the childhood memories with family are special for everyone I was born and brought up in in french literature, a small family which included my father, my mother and I. We lived very happily and harmoniously.
My father was a government servant and my mother was a well-known teacher. Mla College Essay? They were very well connected and proposal they had many friends. Family , Father , Ho Chi Minh 1777 Words | 4 Pages. ? Easy as 1,2,3. 1. Read a few of our sample essays on your topic 2. Develop your own ideas 3. Your paper will practically write itself Essay on A . Childhood Memories I forced the door open and was blinded by sunlight and choked from all of the mla college heading dust that had settled in the room.
As I entered, the wooden floors slightly give way. Rusty nails poked out of the floorboards and old water stains have made designs on the walls. Woods were really rusty and at any given day this house would collapse. Claustrophobia , Fear 1742 Words | 4 Pages. everything was so much more simple. Day after day I only had one objective on my mind, and that was to go outside and have as much fun as I . possibly could before the sun went down and it became dark, that was when I had to be home. Essayer Lentille En Ligne? My cousins lived right next to me so i can always remember going outside and swimming in our swimming pool, and then we would go over to our grandmothers house for lunch, she lived on the other side of my house right next door, I will never forget going over mla college, their amd smelling. Family 1107 Words | 3 Pages. A vivid childhood memory Summer 1985, was truly an amazing and of vacations exciting summer for me, my . sister’s wedding. Essay? I was 14 years old , my sister Sarah was getting married. Lentille? It was almost like a ritual that every Year I would go on vacation to Florida ,and I remembered that day.
Although I was thrilled About the wedding at a point I could never imagine how that year would be the heading most favorable event that I ever witnessed of my childhood . Essayer En Ligne? I recalled when my parents made the . Big Day Out , Emotion , Jacques Tati 827 Words | 3 Pages. My Memory I remember six years ago when I moved to essay, the United States, I barely knew how to speak English. I only new york personal essay ideas, knew a couple . words like hello, how are you?”. That was all I had a chance to learn in essay, school before I moved to the United States. I was surprised with everyone around me, maybe because the proposal sample language everyone spoke to communicate with others was one that I could not understand.
We did not do anything except sleeping for mla college essay heading about a week. When we started getting used to essayer lentille, the weather and the. Academic term , Better , College 995 Words | 3 Pages. Memory of mla college heading My Hometow by Jose Rizal. Memories of My Town When I recall the mla college days That saw my childhood of yore Beside the verdant . shore Of a murmuring lagoon; When I remember the mla college heading sighs Of the breeze that on my brow Sweet and caressing did blow With coolness full of delight; When I look at the lily white Fills up with air violent And the stormy element On the sand doth meekly sleep; When sweet 'toxicating scent From the essay flowers I inhale Which at the dawn they exhale When at mla college heading, us it begins to peep; I sadly recall your. God 668 Words | 3 Pages. ?Treasured Childhood Memories Narrative Essay Ailie Yang 2012-2013 I was watching the kids playing in the park and . drawing with chalks on the hallway, thinking of me being like them when I was in their age.
Little kids get nothing to worry, they chase each other, and resume they giggle and heading laugh out resume speed, loudly, like I did. Essay Heading? I can still remember how much fun I had in kindergarten. We always had activities, festivals, field trips and essayer en ligne performances. Learning was not hard for mla college essay heading me, actually it interested me. China , Chinese character , Dress-Up 849 Words | 3 Pages. “In childhood , we press our nose to the pane, looking out. In memories of childhood , we press our nose to the . Essays? pane, looking in.” -Robert Brault. The experiences in our childhood are filled with both extreme joy and unbearable sadness. Much like a potter molds clay our experiences mold us for the better and mla college erstwhile for essays in french literature the worst. I have two memories of my early life that stick out most to me.
My first memory I want to mla college, share is of fracturing my arm. I was eight when this transpired. I went to. Best Friends , English-language films , Memory 1032 Words | 3 Pages. Story of a Childhood Memory - 'My Desert Island Adventure' In my experiences that followed this particular adventure, I found that not everything is the same as you see it. I was young, six and a half . years old, and back then, I thought I was so grown up. Its funny how the older we get, the younger we feel we are. But I think six is a pretty reasonable age to enjoy an adventure like this one. Times Ideas? Buying a dinghy doesnt seem like the most exciting thing in heading, the world but back then it was, when I would imagine myself as a pirate sailing off and essayer lentille discovering treasures. Aerosmith , Mother , Oar 1995 Words | 5 Pages.
My Childhood Memory I went through my childhood with more sad . memories than happy ones. I sometimes wish that I could feel the other way around. Unfortunately, the dramatic and sad experiences stand out more in mla college, my memory bank. Among my childhood memories I remember the experience of my father helping me on my math problems when I was nine years old the most. That experience has effected my relationship with my parents negatively and taught me to be a better parent. When I was nine years old. 2007 singles , Effect , Experience 444 Words | 2 Pages.
have different memorable childhood experiences in our lives. Some can be pleasant and entertaining while others can be unpleasant and boring. New York Times Ideas? . My Childhood Memory , I remember it like yesterday. I spent most of essay heading my early childhood in Nepal. Mla College Essay? Those days, Nature was my playground and nature was my toy. Heading? I have many special childhood memories but some are very special to me. It happened to me when I was in the 7th grade. I used to speed, write poems when I was 11 years old. My grandfather was a famous. Competition , Memory , Poetry 641 Words | 2 Pages. Memories of childhood in Looking For Dad, My Grandmother and The Sick Equation Memories from our childhoods are often remembered for the rest of mla college heading our lives.
They can range from small things like playing in the . park or a birthday party to important milestones such as a first kiss or the essayer de couleur en ligne first day of school. Now matter how small or insignificant these events seemed at the time, they will be treasured for ever and looked back on as some of the best times of your life. The memories are normally reminders of good times and the joys of childhood . But for some people, their childhoods. Couplet , Love , Poetic form 1577 Words | 4 Pages. town has already collapsed and turned into a developing-city. Mla College? It is so sad that I can only recall my childhood days in typing speed, . my mind instead of mla college essay visiting the small town. It was a small town with warm-hearted villagers.
We were all friends and always share our foods and games. Mak Kwan had the most famous cooking while En. Chong could fly the kite highest. Hmm… I could still smell the curry in essay, the air! My brother and I, we used to rush to mla college essay, Mak Kwan’s home and asked for curry when we smell it. Mak Kwan never.
2009 singles , Curry , Kite 923 Words | 3 Pages. My Favorite Childhood Memory I can fondly remember that special summer, at the age of ten, as one of . my best childhood memories . Resume? When I think back to the anticipation and mla college essay excitement of my first trip to Disney World, it feels as if it happened yesterday. My parents planned the trip for several months. As a child, it seemed as if the time would never come. When it was finally time to pack and leave, I felt excited. The night before our departure, I could not sleep at all.
My most interesting childhood. Family , Magic Kingdom , Mickey Mouse 703 Words | 2 Pages. Past childhood memories in India! | ???? ???? 8/7/2014 Home About me About this Blog Dharma (Religion + Universal . Proposal? Law) < Are Indians in mla college essay, India coward and foolish? Freedom Team of India Transforming India Is “????” falling apart? > Past childhood memories in heading, India! Posted on March 17, 2011 My childhood was carefree unknown to what is happening around. Mla College? The childhood in mid 70’s was full of life enjoying outdoors. No TV, Internet or video games. In summer we used to.
Andhra Pradesh , Blood , Diwali 1283 Words | 3 Pages. In every childhood there are many events that are memorable and influential because memories are a part of life. Without them . life would be meaningless because we have no memories to hold on too. My most memorable childhood took place when I was about mla college essay eight years old. I never imagined how my grandfather’s death would hold the most memorable event in my childhood but somehow it has.
My grandfather died of the mla college heading age of fifty four. He was everything to me and I adored him completely. Types Of Vacations Classification? I came to the point. Aerosmith , English-language films , Family 625 Words | 2 Pages. My Development Into Childhood - Psy.
My Development into Adulthood Ashley Fuller PSY 202 Dr. Griffin 3-6-2013 I. What was your family like? A. Mla College Essay? Mother – teacher, . loving, nurturing B. Father – hardworking, patient, king C. Oldest of 2 children D. Close relationship with grandparents E. Proposal Sample? Southern family F. Christian household, values, beliefs II. What things do you remember about mla college your childhood ? A. Chores, gardening B. Bible studies C. Close interaction with extended family D. Playing. Adult , Family 2402 Words | 7 Pages. A CHRISTMAS MEMORY AND TRUMAN CAPOTE’S CHILDHOOD. A CHRISTMAS MEMORY AND TRUMAN CAPOTE’S CHILDHOOD Truman Capote is one of famous American authors in 20th century. He had . many contributions to resume speed, American modern literature. His works are quite variety such as non-fiction, short stories, novels and plays. Essay? Some of his works helped him to reach the peak of literature and made other writers have to be jealous of long (Capotebio.com).
However, he ever had a fierce childhood and complicated family background. These things had a strong effect on many his. A Christmas Memory , ABC Stage 67 , Harper Lee 2098 Words | 6 Pages. Relative Clause 1. My sister put the money in the bank…. Mla College? I work a. whom b. which c. what d. who e. where 2. A: Where . did Terry go last Sunday?
B: I don’t know ……….. Lentille De Couleur En Ligne? a. Mla College? where he went d. went where he b. Times Personal Essay? he went where e. Mla College Heading? he where went c. went he where 3. This is the book….. I told you last week a. what b. whom c. Proposal Sample? where d. whose e. Essay Heading? which 4. Types Of Vacations Essay? The man is an actor. Nina introduced him to me. The man……Nina introduced. Friendly People , Sibling 1525 Words | 7 Pages. was in my bed, anxiously trying to fall asleep so morning would come faster and I could open presents. Mla College Essay? Unlike most kids my age, . I already knew the of vacations classification real story.
It was a hoax, a story that parents tell their kids to trick them into mla college heading believing that if they if they weren’t good, Santa wouldn’t bring them anything. I knew that they, in fact, were the ones putting those presents under the tree and that the long child’s behavior had little to do with it. I knew it, but I didn’t tell. I didn’t tell my friends. 2007 singles , Debut albums , Easter 1972 Words | 5 Pages.
MY CHILDHOOD MEMORIES Childhood remembrances are always an undertaking If you’re a navy brat You . always remember moving around With you three older sisters and a mother that is so proud And if you become famous or something They never talk about how happy you where when came home from deployment How ecstatic you felt to mla college, show him all new things Before he leave again And some how when you talk about types classification essay home It never gets across how much The peace and happiness in the house because daddy. American films , English-language films , Family 645 Words | 2 Pages. About My Childhood My name is Rouda Mohammed Al-Suaidi. Mla College? I started kindergarten at the age of 4 in one of the . finest schools in Abu Dhabi, which is Al-Worood Private School. I felt so scared on my first day of school and of vacations classification essay I didn’t go to school alone. My mother used to stay with me in essay heading, class which made some of my classmates laugh at me. I remember they used to call me “A baby” and “Mommy’s little girl”.
I used to cry a lot when they call me this. I spent my whole childhood there from kindergarten. Basketball , Child , Cosmetics 1338 Words | 3 Pages. ? MY FUTURE IN CHILDHOOD EDUCATION 1 . Timeka Butler ECE 101 Dawn Harris March 24, 2014 MY FUTURE IN CHILDHOOD EDUCATION 2 I decided to become an early childhood teacher, because I love working with young children. Mla College? Don’t get me wrong the heading older children are good, but at resume, this age some of them are grown and you can’t tell them. Education 1234 Words | 6 Pages.
Deep within every person?s heart, their own childhood experience could be the most valuable memories they have. Mla College? There could be . just one or many experiences. These experiences indicate the turning point from childhood into teenagers which make them so memorable and long sample unforgettable. These incidents could be good or bad and could be beneficial or not, depending on mla college heading, which angle you are looking at essay, them. I personally speaking, has had good memories and bad memories , however the mla college heading bad ones has stained deep within.
Bullying , English-language films , School 977 Words | 3 Pages. Memories of My Town by sample Jose Rizal. MEMORIES OF MY TOWN – Jose Rizal When I recall the days That saw my childhood of yore Beside the mla college essay heading . verdant shore Of a murmuring lagoon; When I remember the essays sighs Of the breeze that on my brow Sweet and caressing did blow With coolness full of delight; When I look at the lily white Fills up with air violent And the stormy element On the sand doth meekly sleep; When sweet 'toxicating scent From the flowers I inhale Which at mla college, the dawn they exhale When at us it begins to peep; I sadly. Early Modern English , Jose Rizal , Philippines 1488 Words | 6 Pages. classmates. I’m here to talk about childhood . What is times personal essay ideas, childhood ? According to mla college essay heading, science, childhood is “the stage . before puberty” or, to be more specific, “the state of times personal essay a child between infancy and adulthood.” But childhood is essay, so much more than a concrete reality defined by essay literal terms. It is an abstract concept. If, right now, I say that I have never ever ever had a Tamagotchi or played Mario Brothers – now, I know that you’re all thinking, “Wow, that girl has no childhood !” And that time when you found. Child , Concept , Easter Bunny 898 Words | 3 Pages.
was this event which happened during my childhood keeps grinding in my brain. The one thing which I favor the most . was to mla college heading, watch cartoon all day long. My childhood was so much influenced by Disney cartoons. The little girl would always have the thoughts of times essay ideas breaking the TV glass and get into it to join them. Me as the mla college youngest in the family would let myself to play in essay heading, a place of my own creation with the characters present in the cartoon.
My parents were aware of my craze towards the heading fantasy land and. Brain , English-language films , Family 506 Words | 2 Pages. It all began in the summer of 1988 when my parents packed up our car. Typing Speed? We began our countless hour journeys from Youngstown, Ohio to FaHoLo Deaf . Family Camp in Grass Lake, Michigan. The excitement and thrill that would rush through my veins when going to mla college heading, FAHOLO sent visions to my head about who I would see first, where I would be staying, what I would be doing, and to what fun places I would go. You are never too old to go to FAHOLO, there is always something to do no matter what age you are.
Although. 2007 singles , Astronomical seeing , English-language films 1475 Words | 3 Pages. Childhood Memories Childhood memories are special for de couleur en ligne everyone. I have many happy . memories of my childhood and I enjoy looking back on the good times. I was born in Manhattan, N.Y and raised in heading, Charleston, S.C. I was an times personal essay only child so I spent a lot of time with my parents. Mla College Essay Heading? My parents were both full time workers but they always made sure I was in activities and in exciting adventures. Of all the memories , there are three unforgettable events that took place in my childhood . I had the pleasure. Childhood , Cowboy , Equestrianism 709 Words | 2 Pages.
My Sweet Memories Tajuanda Parkes ENC 1101 - 1008 August 4, 2010 My Sweet Memories The . greatest most memorable event that changed my life forever was getting the positive results from a home pregnancy test. This was an event that I can recant as if it were yesterday on any given day. The sounds, the long proposal sample scents, and the expressions of joy will forever be remembered. In my journey to make it official I will detail the day as if you were there at that time. The most blessed event of my life that.
2006 albums , Debut albums , Doctor 970 Words | 3 Pages. of your childhood . Memories of those glorious care free days come flooding back as i almost gasp at the intense rate everything . Mla College Essay Heading? has changed. Treasured forever are the essay memories of essay heading my childhood . My favorite childhood memory ? Let me think . Lentille? A trip to Nassa, dining with a world famous football player, swimming with the heading sharks maybe ? Nope, I've actually not encountered an experience close to that extravagance. However, i can without a doubt say that the essayer lentille en ligne memories i hold from my childhood are far. Friendship , Infant , Memory 525 Words | 2 Pages. Only ours memories remain in mind. Sometimes, it can make us cry or laugh. Nevertheless, we cannot remove it from our life. Therefore, it can . be a sweet or bitter experience in every people life. Mla College Essay Heading? Same likes others I also have my experience in my life. Usually the sweet memories are happen during childhood . My childhood memories are not les sweet.
Nobody can forget their childhood memories whether pleasant or painful. I can still remember what happening during my childhood . I was born. American films , Family , Grandparent 573 Words | 1 Pages. “ My Papa's Waltz” by Theodore Roethke and, “Piano” by D. Essays In French? H. Lawrence both recollect a childhood memory . The two . Mla College? poems are also different eventhough they are talking about a childhood memory . The poems have the same background, but in “ My Papa's Waltz” it is a boy and his father and in “Piano” it is a boy and his mother; one is positive and one is negative; and lastly the typing feeling of each poet is different in mla college essay, each poem. Eventhough the two speakers share a childhood memory with a parent, the types gender. Poetry , Smile 660 Words | 2 Pages. whispered the heart.” In my generation growing up most children wake up go to kindergarten, come home, color and play with their toys or go to mla college essay heading, . the park. They got excited for new barbies, or toy cars.
Their small bodies filled with joy when their parents told them that after school they are going to the park, or to the toy store. Types Of Vacations Classification? I wasn’t like most kids, my park was two hundred feet long and eighty-five feet wide. It was fifty degrees in December and it was fifty degrees in July. My toy store did not have. Figure skating , Ice , Ice hockey 663 Words | 2 Pages.
? My entire life, almost, I’ve lived with my parents, my big sister and my two younger twin brothers . in a normal house, a little bit outside of Roskilde. Essay Heading? Some people might call it the country, but I have always liked it anyways. I remember once in new york personal essay, my summer vacation. Mla College Heading? I had just finished eating lunch with my family in our dining room. Sample? We were all sitting around the mla college table just talking about whatever, the way a families does. All of us were enjoying that it was vacation, which meant that we didn’t have. 2008 singles , English-language films , Family 510 Words | 1 Pages.
?Anthony Leon EngWr300 Shapiro March 1, 2015 My favorite childhood place I was separated from my family at essay, a . young age. Heading? When I was 7 my family and I moved to Vallejo because of my father’s job. I was extremely close with my cousins and of vacations essay family that lived in Soledad, a small town close to Salinas. So whenever my mom would tell me we were going to go visit my aunt may I would always be excited. My cousins and essay I were and long proposal sample still are very close even though we don’t see each other as often as I’d like. Cousin , Debut albums , Family 972 Words | 3 Pages. “The Violets” by Gwen Harwood. Mla College Essay Heading? I am here, as a seventeen year old student, giving my own response through the analysis of the en ligne themes . Mla College Heading? “ Memory ” and “ Childhood to mla college heading, Adulthood”, the mla college essay techniques which support them and through the application of psychoanalytical readings to her poetry. What we will see is times personal, that there are links present in mla college essay, what the composer is trying to say and in the critical interpretations of her poetry Memories make the individual understand who they are, wouldn’t you agree?
Without them. Child , Coming of age , Light 2178 Words | 5 Pages. Childhood memory I would define childhood as a never ending vacation, a rollercoaster ride that never stops . exciting and entertaining, making life worth living. But childhood also has its memories that a person would remember when they grow up or probably when they are sharing with their kids about essays what they cherish the most or what made them realize how beautiful childhood actually was compared to being grown up. The memory that still makes me rethink about essay my decision and makes me wish that. American films , Debut albums , Diego Bunuel 493 Words | 2 Pages. ?Running head: Great Memory 1 . Great Memory 2 “ Memory …is the diary that we all carry about with us” is a quote by Oscar Wilde that in my personal opinion describes memory pretty well. Memory is something that people. England , Frankenstein , John Keats 1513 Words | 4 Pages. Stages and Struggles with My Childhood. Struggles of mla college essay heading My Childhood The person I have become today is due to my development of the theoretical stages. . When looking at the construction of the three theoretical perspective stages of essay heading my child hood, it is essayer en ligne, clear to mla college heading, see where and how I came to be the person I am today.
My values, characteristics and lentille en ligne attitude have all been molded by my micro-, meso-, and macro systems. The influences of essay my family and my life at home have shaped me into the person I am today. Long? My family, consisting of my mother. Child , Childhood , Coco 1110 Words | 3 Pages. older and return to the places of our childhood , we are often surprised to mla college, discover things are not as we remember. Times Personal? A child's . Mla College Essay Heading? memory of a place, such as a family[-0] vacation spot, will be very different from that of an adult's. Sample? Particular details like size, glamour, and essay level of excitement are often escalated in the eyes of a child. One place I loved as a child was Disney World, in times ideas, Orlando Florida.
The day after school[-1] was out, my parents would take me, my sisters, and brother in law, to mla college, Florida. 2008 singles , Arcade game , Child 622 Words | 2 Pages. My Philosophy of Early Childhood Education. My philosophy of Early childhood education is based on research that indicates that a child’s growth is heading, developmental. Essay? Every . child is unique in lentille, terms of life experiences, developmental readiness, and cultural heritage. A high quality early childhood program that provides a safe and nurturing environment, which promotes physical, social, emotional, language and cognitive development will ensure a positive continuation of the essay child’s education process In my philosophy I will talk about the goals. Early childhood education , Education , History of long sample education 1421 Words | 3 Pages. Childhood Experience: My First Drumset. interest in toys and spent most of my time alone.
Even at mla college essay heading, the age of 8 I was a deep thinker, always questioning why things happen the way they . do. I was constantly observing the world around me as if I was on the outside. I learned to appreciate silence at such a young age and didn’t speak much. I only essays, spoke when I was spoken to, and even then I’d give a short response. I felt like I had so much to say but never found the right way to say it. I never found my voice until my eighth birthday when I had received. Bass drum , Drum , Drum kit 1583 Words | 4 Pages. are many things to help this common problem. By studying what Ive learned about memory and learning, I will use this information to assess . my own study habits and make them more effective. Mla College Essay? Encoding information in short-term memory is stored according to the way it sounds, the personal ideas way it looks, or its meaning. Verbal information is encoded by sound, even if it is written rather than heard.
Visual encoding in short-term memory is greater than encoding by sound. To help with studying, a student should look. Declarative memory , Educational psychology , Hippocampus 1092 Words | 3 Pages. “In Memory of My Grandfather” is essay, a poem written by Edward Storey to pay tribute to his grandfather who made a big impact on his . Classification Essay? life. It is about the good and happy memories of the boy with his grandfather. It is essay heading, about a boy who is stuck inside the house because he is always sick. His grandfather visits him all the types classification time and brings amazing stories about the outside world.
The highlight of the poem is his grandfather’s visit. The poem shows us how the boy misses his grandfather so much and his stories. 2007 singles , Dissociative identity disorder , Family 1189 Words | 4 Pages. Childhood is a golden period of man's life. It is the time when man is mla college heading, dependent but he enjoys all the essayer de couleur en ligne comforts of the life. He has nothing to heading, . worry about. Times Personal Ideas? He has to do nothing to mla college essay heading, get his demand fulfill except weeping. It is new york essay, a carefree time.
In my childhood I was free from worries and mla college essay sorrows. When every day and proposal night brought joys for me. Parents tried to mla college, amuse me. They loved me so much that I began to think they were living only for essays literature me and mla college essay heading it was not wrong as well. Near our house there was a pond. Anxiety , Debut albums , Dolls 564 Words | 2 Pages. ? MY CHILDHOOD MEMORIES by Sajid Hossain I remember it well. The late nights watching television when everybody . was asleep, treating the last day of summer like it was the last day of the essayer world. Mla College? Waking up to the sounds of the birds hawking in the clear blue sky, where there were no clouds to be seen. I remember the very first winter it snowed, that I witnessed from the mla college essay heading safety of my warm but cozy bedroom.
I can still visualize the essay first Snowman that I and my friend made, dressing it with our own. 2002 singles , American films , Bicycle 620 Words | 2 Pages. My childhood The first feeling I can remember is speed, wind rushing through my hair. I was five, riding a bicycle on . my way to the park to meet my older cousins and friends so we could play baseball. Mla College Essay Heading? At least that is what I think I was doing; it is the first thing that comes to mind whenever someone asks me what my earliest memory is. However the most vivid thing about that memory is the wind and typing the fact that I was wearing a light blue shirt, the brain is weird that way. Essay? Though whenever I think about. English-language films , Family , Fantastic Four 625 Words | 2 Pages. My most memorable memory included eggs, confetti, and confusion. This day had many odd occurrences, from mla college essay heading, window paint, eggs, . Mla College Essay Heading? flour, camouflage, and times ideas a roller coaster of emotions. The best memory ever to me was the last day of my senior year of mla college essay high school.
That day started off as any normal last day of high school. There were camera flashes, k.i.t (keep.in.touch) in essayer de couleur, yearbooks, smiles, yearbooks flying around the cafeteria, and essay heading saying goodbye to types of vacations, teachers. As the mla college essay heading day progressed, it was good being able. Egg , Egg yolk , English-language films 757 Words | 2 Pages. When I recall my childhood memories , there are many stories. Some of them make me happy, but others makes me grow . Personal Essay? up. The first memories made me growing us happened when I was eleven years old. I discovered that life can be choices by myself. Since my parents got divorce, so I was brought up by heading my grandparents. My grandparents, having evacuated from literature, main land China, decided to settle down in Thailand because they were affected from World War II.
I was surrounded with Chinese cultural Chinese language. 2006 albums , Family , Friendship 410 Words | 2 Pages. Memories from my childhood life made me what I have become today. There are many different childhood . memories that I can remember but there were two that really made an impact to heading, how my personality is today. I never thought that these events would have any effect in shaping my personality now because they happened so long ago, but I can see that it has. Eriksons 4th stage of psychosocial theory is industry vs. inferiority. It says that children who are encouraged by their parents develop of feeling. Basketball , Chicago Bulls , Developmental psychology 748 Words | 2 Pages. Memory and History in Willa Cather's My Antonia.
Willa Cather’s My Anthonia, in my opinion was not only mla college essay, easy to read but also a thoroughly enjoyable read. Mla College Essay? It tells the vivid . stories of several immigrant families who move to the rural state of Nebraska to start new lives in America. A Bohemian family, by the name of the Shimerdas, is one of the main focal points of the story. New York Times Essay? The eldest daughter of the Shimerda family is named Antonia. Mla College Essay? The book's narrator, Jim Burden, arrives in the town of Black Hawk, Nebraska, on the same train as the Shimerdas.
My Antonia , Nebraska , Novel 2055 Words | 5 Pages.
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Rotman Master#039;s Programs for Working Professionals Blog. Career Services for the ME MBA and Master of essay heading Finance. At the Rotman School of Management we want to accelerate the careers of our students. Essays. As one of the largest MBA career teams in business education we want to maximize your learning experience. The list of services available to students is extensive and varies by program, but includes one-on-one coaching, 24/7 online resources and essay, workshops and times personal essay, speaker events.
Our career coaching model is highly personalized. Students are paired with a career coach in their first year and remain connected throughout their time at Rotman. You will also learn how to leverage your degree within your organization. We provide career services for working professionals. Your Career Services team is mla college essay dedicated to supporting all Morning and in french, Evening MBA and Master of Finance students throughout your journey at Rotman and beyond. Mla College Essay. Our goal is to equip you with a lifelong toolkit you can use to take ownership of and manage your career and professional development.
Whether you are looking to resume advance within your company or switch to a new industry, we are here to assist you in developing your Career Management Plan to essay achieve your career goals. This Plan will be based on an understanding of your interests, values and essayer, strengths, coupled with knowledge and awareness of heading career opportunities that you will explore and target. We provide one-on-one coaching, advice on how to proposal position yourself in the market, targeted workshops, plus a wide variety of online tools and resources to help you achieve your career goals. Professional goals are a priority, we have a full week dedicated to mla college essay heading career preparation. This includes over 100 hours of career workshops and new york times ideas, skill building sessions. Our career services include individual career counselling appointments which includes a self-assessment, resume and cover letter review, networking techniques, interview preparation, behavioural mock interviews, job offer and negotiation advice, to name a few. We also provide professional development workshops about defining your career objectives, branding and positioning, crafting your network pitch, developing a job search strategy, workshops and speaker events. Finally, there are our online career resources which are job postings, career development guidelines, research tools and the alumni database. We help you refine your career goals, market yourself efficiently and learn to network.
As a member of the Rotman community, you have access to a global network of prosperous alumni. We provide carer support throughout your journey at Rotman and mla college essay, beyond. Advice from Rotman students and alumni. There are many different sources of information when it comes to getting advice and making most decisions in life, and choosing the right Master degree is no different. In researching Rotman Master degree programs, you will most likely have viewed our website a number of essay heading times, hopefully attended an event or spoken to someone involved with the program – whether someone on the recruitment team, or a member of mla college faculty. One great source of information are current students and graduates – they would have had similar questions to you before starting and now have the answers to those questions (and perhaps ones you have not thought of before). We asked the question ‘what advice would you give to someone considering choosing a Rotman program’ to students/graduates from the Executive MBA, Master of Finance, Global Executive MBA and the Morning and Evening MBA programs.
We’ve highlighted a few of their comments below. “What advice would you give to someone considering choosing a Rotman program?” “The relationships with your classmates are as important as the academics. Prepare to work hard, and have fun.” Eghtedar Manouchehri, EMBA ‘15. “My experience at Rotman exceeded my expectations. Long Sample. The program is heading a well-rounded academic experience and Rotman offers amazing opportunities to connect and network with industry leaders, both past, present and future. ” Ashley Warburton, MFin ’17. “My advice: engage early and often with career services . They were instrumental in helping me choose my next career, prepare for it, and land the job I wanted.” Cole Lepine, Morning MBA ‘17. “Take advantage of extracurricular activities including clubs, lectures, workshops and en ligne, case competitions.
Rotman offers fantastic learning and heading, networking opportunities outside of your coursework in the MBA.” Vanessa Perry, Morning MBA’18. “The support within the class is incredible . Inspiring professional women and role models help you thrive as colleagues and friends.” Gavinder Bhatia, EMBA ‘15. “I was impressed with the emphasis that Rotman places on leadership excellence – both organizational and personal. There is no substitution for great leadership in mla college essay heading the corporate world.” Rachel Huckle, GEMBA ‘17. “I have acquired new friendships with like-minded people in all corners of the financial market . For anyone who wants to further their career in essay heading the financial markets while working full-time, this program is times personal essay ideas undoubtedly at the top of my recommendation list.” Richard Wong, MFin ’12. Unlock Your Potential with the Rotman Executive MBA. With the One Year Executive MBA (EMBA) program at the Rotman School of Management, we’re focusing on helping managers and executives discover their true leadership potential. The EMBA curriculum is essay dedicated to real life application and taught by in french literature a world renowned faculty who are experts in mla college heading the field. Jasmine Wong, EMBA 2018 shares her experiences with the mla college heading, program. Jasmine Wong, Senior Manager, Planning, Office of the President, Rogers Communications.
Jasmine is a Senior Manager, Planning in the Office of the President at Rogers Communications. Her work revolves around executing visions through key initiatives such as regional planning and delivering the strategic agenda of the organization. Mla College Essay. “I always wanted to do an MBA, so it was always about the timing. I had some of the business theory through my undergraduate degree in Commerce but I felt I needed the industry knowledge to new york times essay ideas make the most out of the MBA so that I could bring those experiences to mla college essay heading the classroom.” The Executive MBA Class of 2017 had on average 15 years of work experience and new york times personal, nine years in a management position. “One of the best things about the EMBA program is the teaching style. Instead of learning a theory and when to mla college essay heading use it, the EMBA program focuses on sharing our work experience, and drawing on how they apply to the theories and the lessons that we can learn from each other. En Ligne. It’s a great combination of discussions, lecture and case-based learning.” Students in this program will master the fundamentals of business strategy, operations, accounting, finance, marketing and essay heading, human resources. “I was expecting to gain analytical and of vacations classification, business knowledge out essay heading of the program which I did but I feel the true value of the program lies in heading its leadership development initiatives.”
Incorporated into the curriculum is the Leadership Development Program (LDP) which provides tools, one-on-one coaching and experimental learning to facilitate growth and leadership skills. “By getting feedback from my managers and peers, it helps me understand my strengths and essay, weaknesses and how I connect with people. Through the LDP program, I’ve gained a better understanding of where I can grow and my leadership style.” The structure of the program is designed to maximize learning for working professionals while minimizing the time away from work. There are four one week residential modules in downtown Toronto followed by classes every other Friday and Saturday over 13 months. “One of the reasons I chose Rotman’s Executive MBA was its unique format compared to typing speed other programs. With this schedule I’m able to mla college heading have classes at regular intervals and keep in touch. Sample. Also by having classes on essay heading, the weekends, I am able to immediately take what I’ve learned and proposal sample, apply it on Monday morning.” “I highly encourage the program for mla college essay, anyone who is looking to becoming a better leader. Rogers has been extremely supportive of my EMBA journey.” Jasmine highlights that good communication and typing speed, time management skills are key drivers to success in the program. “It’s important to set clear expectations and communicate with both my team at work and my classmates. Heading. If I need to travel for work while a project is due, I make sure that I let my classmates know ahead of time.
It’s an intense program for sure, but the types essay, rewards at the end are definitely worth it.” To learn more about the One-Year Executive MBA Program, visit our website. Balancing a Master’s degree with a family. Pursuing a Master’s degree is a large decision to make and starting a family is an even bigger one. Imagine trying to both now; that is to essay undertake a Master’s degree program while continue to heading working and raising a family.
It’s tough, but it’s not impossible. At the mla college heading, Rotman School of Management, we make a continued commitment to all our students in supporting their professional development but also personal growth. We spoke to Jinzi Zheng, MBA 2017 on how to balance her time between raising a family, pursuing an lentille de couleur MBA and working at the same time. Prior to joining Rotman, she obtained her Bachelor of Applied Science in Biomedical Engineering and also has a PhD in medical biophysics and is currently a scientist at UHN and assistant professor of Biomedical Engineering. She is also the Co-Founder of Nanovista Inc., a startup dedicated to developing new technology that can help with patient care. During her 2nd year in mla college essay the program, she decided it was time that she wanted to raise a family. “Having a child changed a lot in my life but I’m grateful that everyone in the program was super supportive. Because of that, I didn’t have to lose any time to complete my MBA. All the types essay, faculty and staff’s willingness to be flexible has allowed me to progress smoothly through this journey.”
Time management was also an essay heading essential skill to successfully balancing the mla college heading, MBA and essay, family. Jinzi says that her situation was not too different from other part time students. “All of in french literature us in the program have a full time job that we are managing. Mla College Essay. I like to think of myself as having just that extra bit of commitment with my family. Because of the cohort nature of the program, we all have the same challenges but by working together, we’re able to overcome these obstacles and essays literature, build a better relationship while doing so.” Her advice for those in similar situations is that “there’s never a best time to have a child so if you feel now is the time to do a master’s degree, it’s best to mla college heading pursue this degree sooner rather than later.
There’s no better place to do a part time MBA than at Rotman. The school’s strong reputation and convenient location to mla college heading Canada’s business hub made it an easy choice for me. Remember that doing an MBA and starting a family are not mutually exclusive.” After completing her MBA, Jinzi hopes to use the knowledge she has gained from the program to mla college continue to run her successful company as well as leveraging her network to grow professionally. “Through this program, the people that I have met and the connections I’ve made have definitely changed my career. It’s great to be part of the Rotman family.
The entire experience has been amazing for me. Design Your Future with the Rotman Executive MBA. As we close in on the end of typing speed another academic year, our graduating classes had a chance to reflect on their time at Rotman. Rodney Cheung, Executive MBA Class of 2017 is just one of many who are excited to leverage the knowledge and skills he’s gained to make a real world impact. Prior to joining Rotman, Rodney obtained his Bachelor of Applied Science (BASc) in Systems Design Engineering with the Management Sciences option at the University of Waterloo. Mla College Essay Heading. We had an essayer en ligne opportunity to talk with him about his experiences in the Rotman EMBA program. Rodney Cheung, EMBA 2017. Where are you currently working? Currently, I am the Chief Information Officer (CIO) at MediSolutions. Heading. At MediSolutions, we are working to create a brand-new business model.
We are taking a startup mentality within a 34-year-old company and our executive team is creating a brand-new business model based on technical Machine Learning innovation to integrate pharmaceutical companies and advertisers to enhance patient care worldwide. What is a fun fact about yourself: I’m an arts lover in particular with foreign films and live music performances! Why did you choose the Executive MBA program at Rotman? Rotman has all of the characteristics of a leading EMBA program including world class faculty, reputation for excellence and alumni network. Mla College. One unique aspect is Rotman’s Creative Destruction Lab (CDL) which focuses on developing massively scalable startup ventures. What did you enjoy most about mla college heading, business school in essays literature general? Throughout the program, the most enjoyable aspect was how the class grew together during the year to form strong bonds and essay heading, help each other. It’s like we became an extended family.
I was not expecting this aspect and am thankful for the great experiences shared with all my new friends from diverse backgrounds whom I can continue to learn from in proposal sample the years ahead. What were some of the mla college, extracurricular activities you were involved with at Rotman? : I’m a member of Rotman’s Creative Destruction Lab (CDL) which is focused on value creation and resume, capture through building massively scalable technology startups with focus on mla college heading, Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI). I’ve been a recipient of the John Harris Award for outstanding performance in the CDL program in 2016/17 for students who have demonstrated entrepreneurial ability through curiosity and by transforming ambition into action. What was your favorite MBA course and essays literature, what was the biggest insight you gained about business from it? Coming from an engineering background with concentration on mla college essay, technology, I had thought that the quantitative courses would be the most enjoyable for me.
Instead, the many qualitative courses on leadership were my favorites with one of the many highlights being John Oesch’s Business Problem Solving (BPS). From understanding the role of one’s hidden biases to essays in french understanding the role of congruence amongst all aspects within an organization, I gained many insights. What is the essay, biggest myth about going back to sample school? That it is essay not worth it once you’re at a senior level. It is essay reasonable to believe once you have reached a certain level of success within your career that you have the answers and know how best to proceed. The reality is that it is mla college essay just the opposite. Although you have reached an advanced level in resume typing speed your career with a great skillset, let your confidence open you up to new avenues of learning. An Executive MBA program opens your mind to new capabilities and new options which will provide even more opportunities to advance you career, help others grow, and mla college heading, help organizations succeed.
What is your best piece of advice to an applicant hoping to get into the Rotman Executive MBA program? As senior management, you’re likely living inside an extremely busy schedule already so you’re probably thinking about how can I cope with all of this additional work. One aspect that worked for new york times personal ideas, me early on was the changing of heading your mindset from “I have to do this” to “I get to do this” which puts things in types essay an entirely different light. Instead of coping and mla college heading, thinking of ways to get by, you believe that you have this exceptional opportunity to learn and to have fun. This reshaping of your mindset can be the root for new development.
To learn more about the Executive MBA program visit our website.
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3 Need for Computer Participation in Formulative and Real-Time Thinking. The preceding paragraphs tacitly made the assumption that, if they could be introduced effectively into the thought process, the functions that can be performed by data-processing machines would improve or facilitate thinking and problem solving in an important way. That assumption may require justification. Mla College Essay? 3.1 A Preliminary and Informal Time-and-Motion Analysis of Technical Thinking. Lentille En Ligne? Despite the fact that there is a voluminous literature on thinking and problem solving, including intensive case-history studies of the process of invention, I could find nothing comparable to a time-and-motion-study analysis of the mental work of a person engaged in mla college, a scientific or technical enterprise. In the spring and mla college, summer of 1957, therefore, I tried to keep track of what one moderately technical person actually did during the hours he regarded as devoted to work. Although I was aware of the inadequacy of the sampling, I served as my own subject. It soon became apparent that the main thing I did was to keep records, and the project would have become an infinite regress if the keeping of records had been carried through in the detail envisaged in the initial plan. It was not.
Nevertheless, I obtained a picture of my activities that gave me pause. Perhaps my spectrum is not typical--I hope it is not, but I fear it is. About 85 per cent of my thinking time was spent getting into mla college, a position to think, to make a decision, to resume speed, learn something I needed to know. Mla College? Much more time went into finding or obtaining information than into digesting it. Hours went into the plotting of graphs, and other hours into instructing an assistant how to plot. When the graphs were finished, the relations were obvious at once, but the plotting had to be done in order to make them so. At one point, it was necessary to compare six experimental determinations of a function relating speech-intelligibility to speech-to-noise ratio.
No two experimenters had used the same definition or measure of speech-to-noise ratio. Several hours of calculating were required to get the data into comparable form. In French? When they were in mla college, comparable form, it took only a few seconds to determine what I needed to know. Throughout the mla college, period I examined, in short, my thinking time was devoted mainly to activities that were essentially clerical or mechanical: searching, calculating, plotting, transforming, determining the logical or dynamic consequences of mla college a set of new york times personal ideas assumptions or hypotheses, preparing the heading, way for types classification essay a decision or an insight. Moreover, my choices of mla college what to attempt and what not to attempt were determined to an embarrassingly great extent by considerations of clerical feasibility, not intellectual capability.
The main suggestion conveyed by proposal the findings just described is essay that the operations that fill most of the time allegedly devoted to technical thinking are operations that can be performed more effectively by machines than by men. Severe problems are posed by heading the fact that these operations have to be performed upon diverse variables and in unforeseen and continually changing sequences. If those problems can be solved in such a way as to mla college heading, create a symbiotic relation between a man and a fast information-retrieval and data-processing machine, however, it seems evident that the cooperative interaction would greatly improve the thinking process. It may be appropriate to acknowledge, at this point, that we are using the mla college essay heading, term computer to cover a wide class of mla college calculating, data-processing, and information-storage-and-retrieval machines. The capabilities of resume machines in this class are increasing almost daily. It is therefore hazardous to make general statements about capabilities of the mla college essay heading, class. Perhaps it is equally hazardous to make general statements about the capabilities of of vacations men. Nevertheless, certain genotypic differences in capability between men and computers do stand out, and they have a bearing on the nature of possible man-computer symbiosis and the potential value of achieving it.
As has been said in various ways, men are noisy, narrow-band devices, but their nervous systems have very many parallel and simultaneously active channels. Relative to men, computing machines are very fast and very accurate, but they are constrained to heading, perform only speed one or a few elementary operations at a time. Mla College Essay Heading? Men are flexible, capable of programming themselves contingently on the basis of essay newly received information. Computing machines are single-minded, constrained by their pre-programming. Essay Heading? Men naturally speak redundant languages organized around unitary objects and coherent actions and employing 20 to en ligne, 60 elementary symbols. Mla College? Computers naturally speak nonredundant languages, usually with only two elementary symbols and no inherent appreciation either of unitary objects or of coherent actions.
To be rigorously correct, those characterizations would have to include many qualifiers. Nevertheless, the picture of dissimilarity (and therefore p0tential supplementation) that they present is essentially valid. Computing machines can do readily, well, and rapidly many things that are difficult or impossible for long proposal sample man, and men can do readily and well, though not rapidly, many things that are difficult or impossible for computers. Essay? That suggests that a symbiotic cooperation, if successful in integrating the proposal, positive characteristics of essay men and of vacations essay, computers, would be of great value. The differences in speed and in language, of course, pose difficulties that must be overcome.
4 Separable Functions of Men and Computers in the Anticipated Symbiotic Association. It seems likely that the contributions of human operators and mla college essay heading, equipment will blend together so completely in many operations that it will be difficult to separate them neatly in analysis. That would be the case it; in gathering data on which to base a decision, for example, both the man and the computer came up with relevant precedents from experience and if the computer then suggested a course of action that agreed with the man's intuitive judgment. Essay Ideas? (In theorem-proving programs, computers find precedents in experience, and in essay heading, the SAGE System, they suggest courses of action. The foregoing is not a far-fetched example. New York Times Essay Ideas? ) In other operations, however, the contributions of men and equipment will be to some extent separable. Men will set the goals and supply the motivations, of course, at least in the early years.
They will formulate hypotheses. They will ask questions. Mla College Heading? They will think of mechanisms, procedures, and models. They will remember that such-and-such a person did some possibly relevant work on essays in french literature, a topic of interest back in essay heading, 1947, or at any rate shortly after World War II, and they will have an idea in what journals it might have been published. In general, they will make approximate and fallible, but leading, contributions, and they will define criteria and serve as evaluators, judging the contributions of the equipment and essayer lentille, guiding the general line of thought.
In addition, men will handle the very-low-probability situations when such situations do actually arise. (In current man-machine systems, that is one of the essay, human operator's most important functions. The sum of the probabilities of very-low-probability alternatives is long sample often much too large to neglect. ) Men will fill in the gaps, either in the problem solution or in the computer program, when the computer has no mode or routine that is applicable in mla college essay, a particular circumstance. The information-processing equipment, for its part, will convert hypotheses into testable models and then test the models against essayer lentille, data (which the human operator may designate roughly and identify as relevant when the computer presents them for his approval). The equipment will answer questions. It will simulate the mechanisms and models, carry out the procedures, and display the results to the operator.
It will transform data, plot graphs (cutting the mla college essay heading, cake in whatever way the human operator specifies, or in several alternative ways if the human operator is not sure what he wants). The equipment will interpolate, extrapolate, and transform. It will convert static equations or logical statements into dynamic models so the human operator can examine their behavior. Essays In French? In general, it will carry out the routinizable, clerical operations that fill the mla college heading, intervals between decisions. In addition, the computer will serve as a statistical-inference, decision-theory, or game-theory machine to make elementary evaluations of suggested courses of action whenever there is enough basis to support a formal statistical analysis. Finally, it will do as much diagnosis, pattern-matching, and proposal, relevance-recognizing as it profitably can, but it will accept a clearly secondary status in those areas.
5 Prerequisites for Realization of heading Man-Computer Symbiosis. The data-processing equipment tacitly postulated in the preceding section is not available. The computer programs have not been written. There are in resume typing, fact several hurdles that stand between the nonsymbiotic present and the anticipated symbiotic future. Let us examine some of them to see more clearly what is essay needed and what the chances are of typing achieving it. 5.1 Speed Mismatch Between Men and Computers. Any present-day large-scale computer is too fast and too costly for real-time cooperative thinking with one man. Essay? Clearly, for the sake of efficiency and economy, the computer must divide its time among many users. Essayer Lentille En Ligne? Timesharing systems are currently under active development. There are even arrangements to keep users from clobbering anything but their own personal programs. Mla College Heading? It seems reasonable to envision, for a time 10 or 15 years hence, a thinking center that will incorporate the functions of present-day libraries together with anticipated advances in information storage and retrieval and new york times essay ideas, the symbiotic functions suggested earlier in essay heading, this paper.
The picture readily enlarges itself into a network of such centers, connected to one another by wide-band communication lines and to new york times personal ideas, individual users by leased-wire services. In such a system, the essay heading, speed of the computers would be balanced, and the cost of the gigantic memories and the sophisticated programs would be divided by the number of users. When we start to think of storing any appreciable fraction of a technical literature in long proposal sample, computer memory, we run into billions of bits and, unless things change markedly, billions of dollars. The first thing to face is that we shall not store all the technical and mla college, scientific papers in computer memory. We may store the parts that can be summarized most succinctly-the quantitative parts and the reference citations-but not the whole.
Books are among the most beautifully engineered, and human-engineered, components in existence, and proposal, they will continue to be functionally important within the mla college, context of man-computer symbiosis. (Hopefully, the computer will expedite the finding, delivering, and returning of books.) The second point is that a very important section of memory will be permanent: part indelible memory and part published memory . The computer will be able to write once into indelible memory, and then read back indefinitely, but the computer will not be able to erase indelible memory. (It may also over-write, turning all the 0's into ideas, l's, as though marking over what was written earlier.) Published memory will be read-only memory. It will be introduced into the computer already structured. Mla College? The computer will be able to refer to it repeatedly, but not to change it. These types of memory will become more and more important as computers grow larger. They can be made more compact than core, thin-film, or even tape memory, and they will be much less expensive. The main engineering problems will concern selection circuitry. In so far as other aspects of memory requirement are concerned, we may count upon the continuing development of ordinary scientific and business computing machines There is mla college essay some prospect that memory elements will become as fast as processing (logic) elements. That development would have a revolutionary effect upon the design of essay heading computers.
5.3 Memory Organization Requirements. Implicit in the idea of man-computer symbiosis are the requirements that information be retrievable both by essayer lentille de couleur en ligne name and by pattern and that it be accessible through procedure much faster than serial search. At least half of the problem of memory organization appears to reside in the storage procedure. Most of the mla college, remainder seems to be wrapped up in the problem of pattern recognition within the storage mechanism or medium. Detailed discussion of these problems is ideas beyond the present scope. However, a brief outline of mla college essay heading one promising idea, trie memory, may serve to indicate the general nature of anticipated developments.
Trie memory is so called by its originator, Fredkin , because it is designed to facilitate retrieval of information and because the branching storage structure, when developed, resembles a tree. Most common memory systems store functions of arguments at locations designated by the arguments. Essays Literature? (In one sense, they do not store the arguments at all. Mla College Heading? In another and more realistic sense, they store all the possible arguments in the framework structure of the memory.) The trie memory system, on mla college essay, the other hand, stores both the functions and the arguments. The argument is introduced into the memory first, one character at a time, starting at a standard initial register. Each argument register has one cell for each character of the ensemble (e.g., two for mla college essay information encoded in binary form) and each character cell has within it storage space for essays literature the address of the heading, next register. The argument is stored by writing a series of addresses, each one of which tells where to find the next.
At the de couleur en ligne, end of the argument is a special end-of-argument marker. Then follow directions to the function, which is essay heading stored in one or another of several ways, either further trie structure or list structure often being most effective. The trie memory scheme is inefficient for proposal small memories, but it becomes increasingly efficient in using available storage space as memory size increases. The attractive features of the scheme are these: 1) The retrieval process is extremely simple. Given the argument, enter the essay, standard initial register with the first character, and pick up the address of the second. Then go to the second register, and pick up the address of the third, etc. 2) If two arguments have initial characters in common, they use the same storage space for those characters. 3) The lengths of the arguments need not be the same, and need not be specified in advance.
4) No room in storage is reserved for or used by any argument until it is actually stored. The trie structure is created as the mla college essay, items are introduced into the memory. 5) A function can be used as an argument for essay another function, and that function as an argument for the next. Thus, for example, by entering with the argument, matrix multiplication, one might retrieve the entire program for performing a matrix multiplication on the computer. 6) By examining the storage at a given level, one can determine what thus-far similar items have been stored. For example, if there is no citation for Egan, J. P., it is in french literature but a step or two backward to mla college essay, pick up the typing, trail of Egan, James . . The properties just described do not include all the desired ones, but they bring computer storage into mla college essay heading, resonance with human operators and their predilection to types of vacations classification essay, designate things by mla college heading naming or pointing. The basic dissimilarity between human languages and computer languages may be the most serious obstacle to true symbiosis. It is reassuring, however, to essays in french, note what great strides have already been made, through interpretive programs and particularly through assembly or compiling programs such as FORTRAN, to adapt computers to human language forms. The Information Processing Language of Shaw, Newell, Simon, and Ellis  represents another line of mla college rapprochement. And, in ALGOL and related systems, men are proving their flexibility by adopting standard formulas of representation and expression that are readily translatable into machine language. For the essays, purposes of real-time cooperation between men and computers, it will be necessary, however, to make use of an additional and mla college, rather different principle of communication and control.
The idea may be highlighted by comparing instructions ordinarily addressed to intelligent human beings with instructions ordinarily used with computers. The latter specify precisely the essayer en ligne, individual steps to take and the sequence in which to take them. The former present or imply something about incentive or motivation, and they supply a criterion by which the human executor of the instructions will know when he has accomplished his task. In short: instructions directed to computers specify courses; instructions-directed to mla college essay, human beings specify goals. Men appear to think more naturally and easily in terms of goals than in terms of courses. True, they usually know something about directions in which to travel or lines along which to work, but few start out with precisely formulated itineraries. Who, for example, would depart from Boston for Los Angeles with a detailed specification of the route? Instead, to paraphrase Wiener, men bound for Los Angeles try continually to decrease the amount by times personal ideas which they are not yet in the smog. Computer instruction through specification of goals is being approached along two paths.
The first involves problem-solving, hill-climbing, self-organizing programs. The second involves real-time concatenation of preprogrammed segments and closed subroutines which the human operator can designate and call into action simply by name. Along the first of these paths, there has been promising exploratory work. It is clear that, working within the loose constraints of predetermined strategies, computers will in due course be able to devise and simplify their own procedures for achieving stated goals. Thus far, the achievements have not been substantively important; they have constituted only demonstration in principle. Nevertheless, the implications are far-reaching. Although the second path is simpler and mla college essay heading, apparently capable of earlier realization, it has been relatively neglected. Types Classification Essay? Fredkin's trie memory provides a promising paradigm. Mla College? We may in due course see a serious effort to develop computer programs that can be connected together like the words and phrases of speech to do whatever computation or control is essay heading required at the moment. Heading? The consideration that holds back such an effort, apparently, is that the effort would produce nothing that would be of great value in the context of existing computers. It would be unrewarding to develop the language before there are any computing machines capable of responding meaningfully to it.
The department of data processing that seems least advanced, in so far as the requirements of man-computer symbiosis are concerned, is the one that deals with input and typing speed, output equipment or, as it is seen from the human operator's point of mla college essay heading view, displays and times personal, controls. Immediately after saying that, it is essential to make qualifying comments, because the engineering of equipment for high-speed introduction and extraction of information has been excellent, and because some very sophisticated display and control techniques have been developed in such research laboratories as the Lincoln Laboratory. By and large, in generally available computers, however, there is almost no provision for any more effective, immediate man-machine communication than can be achieved with an electric typewriter. Displays seem to be in a somewhat better state than controls. Many computers plot graphs on essay, oscilloscope screens, and a few take advantage of the remarkable capabilities, graphical and symbolic, of the charactron display tube. Essays In French Literature? Nowhere, to my knowledge, however, is there anything approaching the flexibility and mla college, convenience of the pencil and doodle pad or the long proposal, chalk and blackboard used by mla college essay men in technical discussion. 1) Desk-Surface Display and Control: Certainly, for resume effective man-computer interaction, it will be necessary for the man and mla college, the computer to draw graphs and pictures and to write notes and equations to each other on the same display surface. The man should be able to present a function to the computer, in a rough but rapid fashion, by drawing a graph. The computer should read the man's writing, perhaps on resume typing speed, the condition that it be in clear block capitals, and it should immediately post, at the location of each hand-drawn symbol, the corresponding character as interpreted and put into precise type-face. With such an input-output device, the operator would quickly learn to write or print in a manner legible to the machine.
He could compose instructions and subroutines, set them into proper format, and check them over before introducing them finally into the computer's main memory. He could even define new symbols, as Gilmore and Savell  have done at the Lincoln Laboratory, and present them directly to the computer. He could sketch out the format of mla college a table roughly and let the computer shape it up with precision. He could correct the computer's data, instruct the new york times personal ideas, machine via flow diagrams, and in general interact with it very much as he would with another engineer, except that the other engineer would be a precise draftsman, a lightning calculator, a mnemonic wizard, and heading, many other valuable partners all in one. 2) Computer-Posted Wall Display: In some technological systems, several men share responsibility for controlling vehicles whose behaviors interact. Some information must be presented simultaneously to all the men, preferably on a common grid, to coordinate their actions. Other information is of relevance only to one or two operators. There would be only a confusion of lentille de couleur uninterpretable clutter if all the information were presented on mla college heading, one display to all of them. Mla College Essay Heading? The information must be posted by a computer, since manual plotting is too slow to keep it up to date.
The problem just outlined is even now a critical one, and it seems certain to become more and more critical as time goes by. Several designers are convinced that displays with the desired characteristics can be constructed with the aid of flashing lights and time-sharing viewing screens based on the light-valve principle. The large display should be supplemented, according to mla college heading, most of those who have thought about the problem, by individual display-control units. The latter would permit the operators to modify the wall display without leaving their locations. For some purposes, it would be desirable for the operators to be able to communicate with the computer through the supplementary displays and perhaps even through the wall display. At least one scheme for providing such communication seems feasible. The large wall display and its associated system are relevant, of course, to symbiotic cooperation between a computer and a team of men. Mla College Essay? Laboratory experiments have indicated repeatedly that informal, parallel arrangements of operators, coordinating their activities through reference to a large situation display, have important advantages over the arrangement, more widely used, that locates the operators at individual consoles and attempts to mla college heading, correlate their actions through the agency of a computer.
This is one of several operator-team problems in need of careful study. Essays Literature? 3) Automatic Speech Production and Recognition: How desirable and how feasible is speech communication between human operators and computing machines? That compound question is asked whenever sophisticated data-processing systems are discussed. Engineers who work and essay, live with computers take a conservative attitude toward the desirability. Resume Speed? Engineers who have had experience in the field of automatic speech recognition take a conservative attitude toward the feasibility. Yet there is continuing interest in the idea of talking with computing machines. In large part, the interest stems from realization that one can hardly take a military commander or a corporation president away from mla college essay heading, his work to resume, teach him to type. If computing machines are ever to be used directly by essay top-level decision makers, it may be worthwhile to provide communication via the essayer lentille de couleur en ligne, most natural means, even at considerable cost. Preliminary analysis of his problems and mla college essay, time scales suggests that a corporation president would be interested in a symbiotic association with a computer only as an avocation. Business situations usually move slowly enough that there is time for briefings and conferences. It seems reasonable, therefore, for computer specialists to be the ones who interact directly with computers in business offices.
The military commander, on the other hand, faces a greater probability of having to make critical decisions in short intervals of time. It is easy to overdramatize the notion of the ten-minute war, but it would be dangerous to count on having more than ten minutes in which to make a critical decision. As military system ground environments and control centers grow in capability and complexity, therefore, a real requirement for automatic speech production and recognition in computers seems likely to develop. Certainly, if the equipment were already developed, reliable, and available, it would be used. In so far as feasibility is concerned, speech production poses less severe problems of a technical nature than does automatic recognition of speech sounds. A commercial electronic digital voltmeter now reads aloud its indications, digit by digit. For eight or ten years, at long proposal sample the Bell Telephone Laboratories, the Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm), the Signals Research and Development Establishment (Christchurch), the Haskins Laboratory, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dunn , Fant , Lawrence , Cooper , Stevens , and their co-workers, have demonstrated successive generations of intelligible automatic talkers. Recent work at the Haskins Laboratory has led to the development of essay heading a digital code, suitable for use by computing machines, that makes an automatic voice utter intelligible connected discourse . The feasibility of types of vacations automatic speech recognition depends heavily upon the size of the vocabulary of words to be recognized and upon the diversity of talkers and mla college, accents with which it must work. Ninety-eight per cent correct recognition of naturally spoken decimal digits was demonstrated several years ago at the Bell Telephone Laboratories and at the Lincoln Laboratory , . Typing Speed? To go a step up the scale of vocabulary size, we may say that an automatic recognizer of clearly spoken alpha-numerical characters can almost surely be developed now on the basis of existing knowledge.
Since untrained operators can read at least as rapidly as trained ones can type, such a device would be a convenient tool in almost any computer installation. For real-time interaction on a truly symbiotic level, however, a vocabulary of about 2000 words, e.g., 1000 words of something like basic English and 1000 technical terms, would probably be required. That constitutes a challenging problem. In the consensus of acousticians and linguists, construction of a recognizer of 2000 words cannot be accomplished now. However, there are several organizations that would happily undertake to develop an automatic recognize for such a vocabulary on a five-year basis.
They would stipulate that the speech be clear speech, dictation style, without unusual accent. Although detailed discussion of techniques of automatic speech recognition is beyond the present scope, it is mla college essay fitting to note that computing machines are playing a dominant role in the development of automatic speech recognizers. They have contributed the impetus that accounts for essayer lentille the present optimism, or rather for the optimism presently found in some quarters. Two or three years ago, it appeared that automatic recognition of sizeable vocabularies would not be achieved for ten or fifteen years; that it would have to await much further, gradual accumulation of mla college heading knowledge of essayer lentille de couleur en ligne acoustic, phonetic, linguistic, and psychological processes in speech communication. Now, however, many see a prospect of accelerating the acquisition of that knowledge with the mla college essay heading, aid of computer processing of speech signals, and not a few workers have the feeling that sophisticated computer programs will be able to perform well as speech-pattern recognizes even without the aid of much substantive knowledge of speech signals and processes. Putting those two considerations together brings the estimate of the time required to of vacations classification, achieve practically significant speech recognition down to perhaps five years, the five years just mentioned.  A. Bernstein and M. deV. Roberts, Computer versus chess-player, Scientific American , vol. 198, pp. 96-98; June, 1958.  W. W. Bledsoe and I. Mla College Essay Heading? Browning, Pattern Recognition and Reading by Machine, presented at the Eastern Joint Computer Conf, Boston, Mass., December, 1959.
 F. S. Cooper, et al., Some experiments on the perception of synthetic speech sounds, J. Acoust Soc. Amer. , vol.24, pp.597-606; November, 1952. De Couleur En Ligne?  K. H. Davis, R. Biddulph, and S. Balashek, Automatic recognition of spoken digits, in W. Jackson, Communication Theory , Butterworths Scientific Publications, London, Eng., pp. 433-441; 1953.  G. P. Dinneen, Programming pattern recognition, Proc. WJCC , pp. Mla College Essay? 94-100; March, 1955. New York Times Ideas?  H. K. Dunn, The calculation of vowel resonances, and an electrical vocal tract, J. Acoust Soc. Amer. , vol. 22, pp.740-753; November, 1950.  G. Fant, On the Acoustics of heading Speech, paper presented at the Third Internatl.
Congress on Acoustics, Stuttgart, Ger.; September, 1959.  B. G. Farley and W. A. Clark, Simulation of self-organizing systems by digital computers. IRE Trans. on Information Theory , vol. IT-4, pp.76-84; September, 1954.  J. W. Forgie and C. Of Vacations Essay? D. Forgie, Results obtained from a vowel recognition computer program, J. Acoust Soc. Amer. , vol. 31, pp. 1480-1489; November, 1959.  E. Fredkin, Trie memory, Communications of the ACM , Sept.
1960, pp. 490-499.  R. M. Friedberg, A learning machine: Part I, IBM J. Res. Dev. , vol.2, pp.2-13; January, 1958. Mla College Essay Heading?  H. Gelernter, Realization of a Geometry Theorem Proving Machine. New York Essay Ideas? Unesco, NS, ICIP, 1.6.6, Internatl. Mla College Essay? Conf. on Information Processing, Paris, France; June, 1959. Essayer Lentille De Couleur?  P. C. Gilmore, A Program for the Production of Proofs for essay Theorems Derivable Within the First Order Predicate Calculus from Axioms, Unesco, NS, ICIP, 1.6.14, Internatl. Conf. on Information Processing, Paris, France; June, 1959.  J. Essays Literature? T. Mla College? Gilmore and R. Heading? E. Savell, The Lincoln Writer, Lincoln Laboratory, M. I. Mla College Heading? T., Lexington, Mass., Rept. Resume Typing Speed? 51-8; October, 1959.  W. Lawrence, et al., Methods and Purposes of Speech Synthesis, Signals Res. and Dev. Estab., Ministry of Supply, Christchurch, Hants, England, Rept. 56/1457; March, 1956.  A. M. Liberman, F. Ingemann, L. Lisker, P. Delattre, and F. S. Cooper, Minimal rules for synthesizing speech, J. Acoust Soc. Amer. , vol.
31, pp. 1490-1499; November, 1959.  A. Newell, The chess machine: an example of heading dealing with a complex task by adaptation, Proc. WJCC , pp. 101-108; March, 1955. Times Personal Essay Ideas?  A. Newell and J. C. Shaw, Programming the logic theory machine. Essay? Proc. WJCC , pp. 230-240; March, 1957.  A. Newell, J. C. Shaw, and long, H. A. Simon, Chess-playing programs and the problem of complexity, IBM J. Res Dev. , vol.2, pp.
320-33.5; October, 1958.  A. Newell, H. A. Simon, and J. C. Shaw, Report on a general problem-solving program, Unesco, NS, ICIP, 1.6.8, Internatl. Conf. on Information Processing, Paris, France; June, 1959.  J. Mla College Essay? D. North, The rational behavior of mechanically extended man, Boulton Paul Aircraft Ltd., Wolverhampton, Eng.; September, 1954.  0. G. Resume? Selfridge, Pandemonium, a paradigm for learning, Proc. Symp. Mechanisation of Thought Processes , Natl. Heading? Physical Lab., Teddington, Eng.; November, 1958.  C. E. Shannon, Programming a computer for playing chess, Phil. Mag. Lentille? , vol.41, pp.256-75; March, 1950.  J. C. Shaw, A. Newell, H. A. Simon, and T. O. Ellis, A command structure for mla college essay complex information processing, Proc. WJCC , pp. Mla College Heading? 119-128; May, 1958.  H. Sherman, A Quasi-Topological Method for Recognition of Line Patterns, Unesco, NS, ICIP, H.L.5, Internatl. Conf. on Information Processing, Paris, France; June, 1959.  K. N. Stevens, S. Mla College Heading? Kasowski, and C. G. Fant, Electric analog of the essay, vocal tract, J. Acoust. Soc.
Amer. , vol. 25, pp. 734-742; July, 1953.  Webster's New International Dictionary , 2nd e., G. and C. Merriam Co., Springfield, Mass., p. Mla College Essay? 2555; 1958.
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College english essay heading mla
English as A Lingua Franca Essay Sample. According to Merriam-Webster (2014), Lingua Franca is defined as a common language spoken among peoples with different native languages. Specifically, it has no geographic restriction, which means it could be an official and standard language that applied to cross-national diplomacy and could be a regional language utilized by peoples who speak different mother tongues as well. It is heading, known as “bridge language”, “working language”, “vehicular language” and “trade language”. It functions as a medium to facilitate the communication among peoples with diversified language backgrounds. English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) The term ELF is defined as “communication in English between speakers with different first languages” (Seidlhofer 2005, cited in Gu, Patkin and Kirkpatrick 2014). A more detailed definition from Firth (1996), cited in Seidlhofer (2004), is that “it is a contact language between persons who share neither a common native tongue nor a (common) national culture, and for whom English is chosen as foreign language of in french, communication.” It is used by individuals from “linguacultural background” and mla college essay, speakers and locations of ELF are changeable. Typing. ELF can occur among employees within an heading international corporate headquartered in Shanghai, over the internet and social media or just between two backpackers in a hostel in Italy (Cogo 2012).
World Englishes (WE) In general, World Englishes refers to all varieties of types classification essay, Englishes existed in the world today, particularly “new Englishes”-the localized or indigenized Englishes (Pakir 2009). It is a sign of adaptation of English in certain geographic areas. Business English Lingua Franca (BELF) BELF focuses on the application of English Lingua Franca in business circumstances, but whether it is a neutral code of communication remains controversial. The supporters believe that it is neutral because it is not a mother tongue of anyone. Besides, it is heading, widely-used in mla college essay heading, global business where “BELF users and communicators” are participants and have the right to use it (Louhiala Salminen et al. 2005). The opposite views argues that ELF creators are from diverse cultural backgrounds which proves that this language is not cultural-neutral (Louhiala Salminen et al.
2005, in Meierkord 2012). The theory was lodged out by Benjamin Lee Whorf and is also known as Whorf Hypothesis. Whorf believed that language shapes how we perceive the world and determine the way we think. Essay. He asserted that “every speech community fits the need of its culture”. A famous example would be Eskimos’ various words in describing snow. Another would be sign language-a different system used by deaf people in daily communication (Bergman n.d.). Reasons for ELF. Wide Geographical Distribution.
The historical reasons play an indispensable role in shaping English into lingua franca. During the period of British Colonialism (17th and 18th centuries), English has been brought to America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the de couleur Carrabin, South Africa and South Asia and English are well-established after years of mla college heading, development. Markedly, after the fall of the Britain Empire, Commonwealth of essays in french, Nations was founded. Most of the members are from the heading former British Empire and new members from the Africa and Asia are included which quickens the pace of English becoming lingua franca in those nations. Essay. As a result, both the mla college essay heading influence and the number of English speakers are substantial. In other words, English has been a worldwide phenomenon. Spread of Political and Economic Power.
The spread of English is bound up with culture value transmission including political and long sample, economic element (Pennycook 1994). “It is closely linked to national and increasingly non-national forms of culture and knowledge that are dominant in the world” (ibid.). In the late 19th century, America has become the most powerful country both in its economic and political influence. Heading. During the British colonialism times, the most effective way to expand the political and economic power is to essays, force the people from essay heading colonies to essayer lentille de couleur en ligne, learn English, which seems to be an essay heading unfeasible approach in the contemporary world. Long Sample. Nowadays, the spread of political and economic power conceals behind every piece of product in Hollywood industry and every trade of advanced technologies and English has been an important medium during the whole process. Mla College Essay. In the long proposal sample current times, America is in heading, the dominant position of the world, along with the promotion of the heading frequent use of English. Globalization, driven by essay technological upgrades in media and communication tools, is a flow of capital, goods, personnel and long, other resources around the mla college essay world, generating new modes of global activity (Castells 1996, cited in of vacations classification, Blommaert, p. 13). After the Second World War, corporation among different countries has become more frequent with the mla college heading process of globalization. In the political field, the growing number of the foundation of classification, global organizations, including WHO and essay heading, NATO requires for a shared language in long sample, order to improve the work efficiency. In terms of global business, a common trading language is mla college heading, needed during international trade and in french literature, English has become the choice. In addition, other factors like cross-national advertising, pop music as well as education all serve as catalysts for English as a lingua franca for the reason that English language acts as a dominant medium during the information spreading.
Implications for Management. The increasing awareness of language choice has taken place in mla college essay heading, global companies and during the “cross-national merger”. Long. However, the language selection could be an mla college essay intractable strategic decision and the challenge is considerable (Maclean 2006; Louhiala Salminen et al. 2005) given that the working staff are from diverse cultural backgrounds with different first languages. English as A Single Corporate Language.
The adoption of English as the standardized language is types classification essay, a prevalent phenomenon in international companies. This is mla college heading, not only a strategy from English-speaking enterprises but it is frequently used by non-English speaking companies during their business expansion. An example would be Siemens AG, whose language management strategy has experienced a process of the exclusive use of German, the equal emphasis on German and English and the dominant position of English application in the current times (Maclean 2006). There exist several advantages of the new york application of English in corporations. Firstly, the single corporate language policy is instrumental in improving the heading operation efficiency. Cross-border management and direct communication between the headquarters and subsidiaries would be more effective and time-saving. Secondly, English has been widely-used in international business throughout the world and the status of English in the contemporary world is unshakable (ibid.). This is based on the fact that English has become a lingua franca in business field. As has been mentioned above, some scholars have categorized it as Business English Language Franca (BELF) (Louhiala Salminen et al. 2005). Some regard it as a culture-neutral language while others deny the opinion for long proposal, the terms are created by people from diverse races and colors.
According to Whorf Hypothesis, language is the determinant of people’s thoughts (Bergman n.d.). Essay Heading. Consequently, thoughts of those who don’t learn English as their first language are varied from those who learn English as their first language. English speakers from long sample non-native English-speaking countries are affected by their native cultures. For native speakers of English, it is also a challenge to integrate into the group of those who learn English as a second language (Maclean 2006). As a result, the potential threat of the implementation of the mla college essay heading single corporate language is that it could result in poor internal communication and misunderstandings among the employees from different cultural backgrounds, which, in return, will jeopardize the working efficiency over the long haul. Furthermore, the flexibility of monolingual policy is doubted. For instance, some operational problems are culturally specific to personal essay, a certain geographical region and cannot be described in English. The emergence of the phenomenon is closely related to the local language and cultural atmosphere (ibid.). Multilingual Policy Adoption. Nordea has been a cross-national corporate resulted from two merging companies from Finland and Sweden.
For Nordic countries where Finland and Sweden are included, English exerts very little influence in those countries and the development of English as a communication tool is a relatively new thing. The tradition lingua franca of these regions is Swedish which was what Nordea adopted as the corporate language at the beginning (Louhiala Salminen et al. 2005). However, Swedish has been replaced by essay English after the occurrence of “internal political problems” which is not an ideal solution in the long run (Maclean 2006). As can been seen, the application of a single corporate language may worsen the current situation of non-English speaking corporation, adding more complexity to rather than simplify the existed environment especially when the third language is unfamiliar to most receivers in the organization. In this case, the relatively ideal solution is to take the advantage of the multilingual situation and explore the possibilities of combining the existed language abilities of the staff rather than force the employees to resume typing, acquire a second language (Maclean 2006). The adoption of bilingual, trilingual or multilingual strategy is mla college, matched with the complexity of the language environment of a company (Dhir and Abiodun 2002, cited in Maclean 2006).
The Establishment of “Culture Three” A similar case study of of vacations classification essay, language use and internal communication in two merger companies from Finland and Sweden was conducted. One is a Paper manufacturer and the other one is a bank group (Louhiala Salminen et al. Essay. 2005). The company has also experienced a process of language selection (from the adoption of Swedish to English). However, despite cultural differences, the typing result of the study shows that there is “no evidence of conflicts or misunderstandings”.
Besides, the study suggests that the shared value has formed within the mla college company philosophy no matter whether it is because of the closeness of geography between Finland and Sweden or the working experience (ibid.). When referring to the culture disparity in essay, business, a “culture three” which is out of the cultural differences should be established (Holden 2002, cited in Louhiala Salminen et al. Essay Heading. 2005). In the case companies, the culture is neither Swedish nor Finnish. It is “a new combination where interaction proceeds smoothly and contains discoursal features of both cultures” (ibid.). To achieve this goal, it needs to have a pragmatic language which is functional in day-to-day use and is effective and efficient in communication as well. Linguistic correctness is not the heading focus (ibid.). The grammar of such language may not be as authentic as native speakers but seldom impedes the mla college communication and understandings. Implications for Non-native Speakers of English.
English is no longer the resume speed language of native speakers and more business activities have taken place among non-native English speakers. As a result, English during business trade is mla college essay heading, more functional. The correctness of grammar, fluency and pronunciation of English play a less important role in essayer en ligne, the success of business. Knowledge and effective communication are more vital in mla college essay heading, business interactions nowadays (Kankaanranta and Louhiala-Salminen 2010). As has been mentioned in the previous section, non-native English speakers are from diverse culture backgrounds and are deeply influenced by their indigenous culture. Therefore, all encounters between non-native English speakers are collapses of in french, cultures which requires for a wider range of knowledge of the backgrounds of the non-native English speakers for the purpose of heading, conflicts elimination (ibid.). Playfulness and resume typing, Creative Use of mla college essay, Language. Here is an example of a conversation among non-native speakers of English. “Extract : the times personal ideas boat (Isabel: Portuguese; Nana: Japanese; Anna: Italian) Isabel: I mean we don’t have problems … we all get on yeah Nana: yeah I think we are all on the same …on in… ah: what is it… on the same boat? Nana: yeah? … how do you say? On the same boat?
Isabel: I don’t know yeah…on the same boat I think…on the bus on the train. Anna: anyway we understand you. Isabel: yeah … we are all foreigners. Nana: all foreigners (laughing)” The context based on the discussion of the correctness of a preposition of an English slang. Instead of saying “I don’t know”, Isabel plays the language by offering different suggestions which continues the conversation. The non-native English speakers burst into laughter by the “mockery” that “we are all foreigners”. Mla College. The foreign backgrounds are what bring the non-native English speakers together which in a way promote the communication and understandings among non-native speakers.
The creativity in English application reveals the optimistic attitude of being “non-native” (ibid.). Those who perceive English as imperialism claim that the popularity of essay heading, English endangers the preservation and survival of other native languages (Khan 2010). Take Arabic language as an example. The government has input a large amount of money in mla college heading, correcting the false use of native language since English has become the second language of the country (ibid.). The opposing view has pointed out that the frequency of the types classification essay second language application will not surpass that of the mother tongue consider that mother tongue is the most familiar and comfortable language for an individual, which, as a result, will not pose a threat to the survival of native languages (ibid.). Objectively speaking, the reason that some languages are on the brink of extinction is not only derived from the worldwide use of mla college, English, but because of the false language strategy implemented by the government. Children from wealthy family in Arabia have been sent abroad to study English at a young age, which gives rise to the ironical embarrassment that they are not good at either their mother tongue or English (ibid.).
Similar situation happens in China. Proposal. English ability has been an important criterion for college entrance examination. Even in postgraduate examination, applicants might be denied due to the poor performance in English exam regardless of the fact that the mla college essay heading major he applies for resume, is completely irrelevant to English. In recent years, the ministry of education has realized the severity of the case and start to mla college essay heading, consider increase the percentage of Chinese subject in the college entrance examination while the total mark of essayer en ligne, English will be reduced from 150 points to 100 points. Furthermore, some Chinese educationists even point out that English should not be included in college entrance examination after 2016. Instead, it could be an mla college elective course in high school.
Overall, the widespread of English are potentially hazardous to types classification, the mother tongue or minority languages of non-native English speakers in a way, but the government’s policy are more important in native languages and cultures preservation. Implications for Native Speakers of English. With the emergence of World Englishes and the trend of English as a Lingua Franca, English is no longer the exclusive language of native speakers. The native speakers of English are losing their language status as native English is not the only reference point (Maclean 2006). Besides, for mla college essay heading, native English speakers, English is the only language skill they master, which therefore limits their career opportunity. Mono-lingualism is also an encouragement of narrow-mindedness and de couleur en ligne, ethnocentricity and is not advantageous to essay heading, business development in the long run (ibid.). The English of native speakers are only culturally specific to certain cultures. They could not explain Singapore English, Indian English and other World Englishes. “They are no longer effective communicators” (ibid.). Bergman, J. (n.d).
Benjamin Lee Whorf: An Early Supporter of Creationism [online] Available at: http://www.icr.org/article/6391/ [Accessed07 December2014] Blommaert, J. (2010) The Sociolinguistics of Globalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Corgo, A. (2012).English as a Lingua Franca: concepts,use, and implications, ELT Journal 66(1): 97-105 Gu, M., Patkin, J. and Kirkpatrick, J. (2014). Long. The dynamic identity construction in English as lingua franca intercultural communication: A positioning perspective. System 46: 131-142. Khan, R. (2010). Essay. Linguistic Imperialism? [online] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c3TJe4jnqFo#t=22 [Accessed07December2014] Lingua Franca, Merriam-Webster (2014) [online] Available at: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/lingua%20franca [Accessed08December2014] Louhiala-Salminen, L., Charles, M. and Kankaanranta, A. (2005). English as a lingua franca in Nordic corporate mergers: Two case companies , English for Specific Purposes 24(2005): 401-421. Essays Literature. Maclean, D. (2006).
Beyond English. Transnational corporations and the strategic management of mla college, language in types of vacations classification, a complex multilingual business environment, Management Decision 44 (10): 1377-1390. Pakir, A. (2009). English as a lingua franca: analyzing research frameworks in international English, world Englishes, and ELF, World Englishes 28(2): 224-235. Pennycook, A. (1994). The Cultural Politics of English as International Language. Longman, pp, 12-13. Is this the perfect essay for you?
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