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Ashbourne College#039;s Psychology Blog. Essays In French? Q1. Types Of Vacations Classification Essay? Outline and evaluate two social psychological theories of aggression (e.g. In French? social learning theory, deindividuation) • Social learning theory= originated from work of Gabriel Tarde (1912) Learning= relatively permanent change in are deceptive, behaviour due to essays literature experience. • Classical behaviourism= direct experience (classical/operant conditioning)/ • Neo-behaviourism= indirect/vicarious experience (observational) • Theory claims we learn aggression primarily through observation of significant people around us= Modelling people who are similar (age/sex) or higher status (parent/teacher) Key characteristics of Imitation: 1. Behaviour of appearances are deceptive essay role models. 2. Copying behaviour of a higher status. 3. Degree of contact with role model. 4. Degree of understanding of the behaviour. Essays In French? • Tarde= these are ways social behaviour and appearances are deceptive essay, responses could be influenced by the actions of literature others. Typing Speed? • Tarde combines both logic of social/cognitive psychology in social cognitive perspective of human behaviour-= behaviour motivated by inherent psychological factors/ socio-environmental factors: • Individual and social environment linked= reciprocal determinism. SLT consists of four basic processes: 1. Essays? Attention= observation- watching the behaviour. 2. Typing? Retention= cognitive process schema- storing the behaviour. 3. Reproduction= behaviour- copying behaviour. Essays? 4. Motivation= state- having reason for displaying behaviour. • SLT= helps in explaining inconsistencies of aggressive behaviour=where we learn to act/or not- be aggressive depending on long proposal different situations/contexts e.g. aggressive + domineering at home/ meek + submissive at work. Essays? • Explanation of essayer lentille de couleur en ligne SLT based on research= ‘Bobo doll studies’ KEY STUDY-Bandura, Ross and Ross (1961) Experiment firstly involved: 72 child participants= different groups of children: experimental group –witnessed adult model kick/punch Bobo doll/ control group- witnessed non-aggressive behaviour = After- different groups were put into the toy room with Bobo doll- their behaviour was observed.
They found children who had witnessed aggressive behaviour were more likely to show aggression. Experiment had a well-defined way of coding the behavioural responses of the children to a measurable outcome. Laboratory research- artificial setting/lacks ecological validity. Children’s behaviour- may have produced demand characteristics (wanting to ‘please the experimenter’) Confidentiality- names of those involved maintained private- but films widely available on essays internet of writing martin experiment suggest compromise of confidentiality. Lack of informed consent- parents/guardians of children were not fully informed + children would have been unaware they were being filmed. Study has face validity to explain children copying through imitating role models/ the essays in french literature media influence on aggression- such as influence of behaviour from t.v. Types Of Vacations Classification Essay? personalities/ celebrities: e.g. two boys (aged 10/11) murdered young boy Jamie Bulger-watched horror/violent film ‘Child’s Play 3’ before the murder. Bandura’s research focuses society’s attention on essays literature the power of the media- in areas of aggression and other related areas e.g. health (anorexia/bulimia) Criticism of imposed etic/generalisibility- by assuming that processes of resume typing speed learning are the same for literature people in writing martin, all countries/cultures universally. Cultural bias= Bandura: a western researcher working in literature, a western society.
Deterministic approach- to suggest child would passively absorb the is a phd dissertation observed behaviour and imitate it without logical thought for the implication of it. Process of decreased self-assessment/ awareness- in situations where individual identification is difficult/impossible= e.g. child with a toy mask/individual football supporter amidst a large crowd of essays supporters/individual in a crowded music arena. Situations were individual identification is restricted ensures changes in the normal standards of behaviour/ inhibitions are lowered- Singer, Brush and Lublin (1965): Group situation-Inhibitions reduced- Change in essay, normal standards of essays in french behaviour/anti-social behaviour: Milgram (1964/1965) study of the writing is easy steve essay situational determinants of destructive obedience= found participants were more likely to give higher levels of electrical shocks when they could not see/be seen by their victim. Similar to this study: Zimbardo (1969)- study showed the effect of reduced inhibitions: He used female undergraduate participants in a ‘study of learning’. The female participants play teacher/ a stooge is used to play student. ‘Student’ has to complete a set of tasks/ if completed wrongly= teacher gave electric shock to ‘student’. Half the participants wore large laboratory coats/hoods to cover their faces/never referred to by name= deindividuated group. Other group wore their normal clothes/given large name tags/ introduced to each other formally. All participants could see ‘student’/were told she was either ‘honest’ or ‘conceited/critical’.
Irrespective of description- deindivuated participants gave twice as many shocks of individuated ones. Gender bias- can’t generalise findings universally when only female participants were used. Lacks ecological validity- artificial setting- actions may not be in accordance to real-life situation. Ethical issues- concerning psychological effects of experiment on participants. Diener (1979) = naturalistic observation of 1,300 ‘trick-or- treating’ children in the U.S. Literature? found that children in large groups/wearing costumes- more likely to appearances perform anti-social actions e.g. stealing money/sweets. – the group ‘reduces the possibility of personal identification’- behaviour may deviate from normal moral standards Limitations: Fundamental problem of this theory= doesn’t provide explanation for essays literature the fact- not all crowds/groups perform aggressive actions: Evidence linked to deindividuation and is easy martin essay, anti-social behaviour- but evidence also suggests deindividuation may lead to ‘prosocial’ behaviour= Gergen et al. (1973)- study in which lowered levels of literature individuation didn’t result in aggressive actions= in a dark room – most participants were involved in proposal sample, intimate contact/at least half cuddled/ about 80% of the essays literature group felt sexually aroused. Saying aggression is caused by lowering one’s inhibitions is narrow/deterministic: Postmes and Spears (1998)= meta-analysis of over 60 studies investigating deindividuation= no consistent research to support argument- reduced inhibitions/anti-social behaviour more likely to be seen in large groups/crowded situations where anonymity is maintained. = They suggest behaviour change of individuals in large groups- more influence from ‘group norms’. Phd Dissertation? Relating this theory to in french literature groups e.g. football hooliganism is are deceptive essay, too stereotypical: Marsh et al. (1978)= found what might appear to be an anti-social group actually consist of several different groups-with different places in the status ‘hierarchy’/ aggression was highly ritualised rather than physically violent. Evaluation: Challenges: Runciman (1966)= argues aggressive behaviour could be due to one’s relative deprivation- perceived difference between what you have and what you think you should have.
Dollard et al. (1939) = argues aggression is the result of frustration building up (psychoanalysis)/ presence of essays in french environmental cues (behaviourism) that signal aggressiveness. Types Of Vacations? Social theories don’t take into account potential biological factors influencing aggression= genetic/bio-chemical or neuro-anatomical causes. Q2. Outline and evaluate research relating to group display of aggression in humans. Psychologists /sociologists interested in how crowds operate. 2 disciplines differ in how they explain crowd disorder: Sociologists focus on role of the media as ‘amplifier’ of anti-social behaviour.
Psychologists more concerned about factors within group that lead to anti-social behaviour. Freud: mindset of an individual in a crowd different form that of an individual on their own= merging minds/sharing the same opinion/inhibitions reduced. Methodological flaws: didn’t follow hypothetico-deductive method. Influence from the group: Freud criticised – idea ‘group’ had a soul of its own: Le Bon (1896)= ‘pathological’ viewpoint: Crowd behaviour the result of in french literature individuals’ personalities. Atmosphere of a group causes contagion- ‘group members fall under the influence of a collective mind’ Group members are suggestible/views of group/imitating others ‘group mind’ Blummer (1939)= circular reaction causes individuals to reproduce behaviours/emotions-which intensifies/amplifies. Convergence theory/ emergent norm theory. Motive behind group behaviour- convergence upon a specific location by like-minded individuals e.g. Is A? football crowd. Turner and Killian (1957)= crowd behaviour as such is ‘normless’- individual has no norms to follow they base behaviour on others around them. Literature? The distinctive behaviour- governs behaviour of the group/ taken on resume as he norm of the group. Convergence theory= View dictates that crowds aren’t a passive group of people- they#8217;re a logically thinking mass of individuals View doesn’t help to explain unpredictable crowd behaviour- because its governed by the norms identified/ accepted by the group. Theory focuses more on essays in french literature how individuals are rational/ the formation of crowd/ behaviour can be seen as rational/logical – more focused on irrational forces- contrasts to resume speed contagion theories.
Emergent norm theory= Doesn’t take into essays in french, account non-verbal processes that occur in crowds- incomplete. What? Criticised for not explaining how norms might emerge. Berk (1974)= behaviour that looks irrational (crowd running out of building) may be rational (building on fire) Value-added theory- Neil Smelser (1963)= • Certain prerequisites (situations/conditions) are needed in order for a group /social movement to develop: stages he suggested were: Stage 1. Structural conduciveness- social situations/conditions must allow for collective action. Stage 2. Structural strain- parts of social system don’t function effectively. Stage 3. Growth/spread of in french literature generalised belief- shared view assigns casuses/determines a response/action. Stage 4. Precipitating factors- collective belief strengthened search for alternatives gathers pace. Stage 5. Types Of Vacations Essay? Mobilising the collective for action- leaders/workers emerge hierarchy of order is established. Stage 6. Reaction of agencies of social control- attempt to interfere the in french collective operation. Smelser argues social life/processes we follow within it affect how individuals behave= If society offers incentives/rewards that the writing martin individual is interest in- they may not think carefully about how they achieve the goal.
Value-added theory= Ethnocentric/lacks ecological validity/generalisibility= Provides a theoretical point-of-view based upon Smelser’s own ‘Western industrialised’ educational/socio-economic background- so not accounting for important cultural differences. Logical theory- but doesn’t take into account the complexities of crowd behaviour- theory difficult to test- Berk (1974) – “crowd events occur with great speed, are difficult to anticipate#8230;” Elements from these theories can help to explain crowd behaviour- Hockling (1982) With groups e.g. lynch mobs= Zimbardo (2007)= argues dehumanisation is essays literature, crucial to understanding ‘man’s inhumanity to is easy steve martin man’: Inhuman aggression of lynch mobs in USA- torture/violent murder of essays literature black people was not seen as a crime against humanity- it was seen across USA as a result of black people’s stigmatisation as ‘niggers’ so they weren’t seen as individuals= Ginzberg (1988) Most theories fail to long proposal acknowledge actions of positive crowd behaviour- Cassidy et al. (2007)=investigated crowd celebrations: Mela (1 month long Hindu festival): crowds behaved well/increased generosity/support. Shows how crowd behaviour/ collective living can promote good/ non-aggressive behaviour/ a strong sense of common identity/close proximity- beneficial instead of being causal factor for essays subsequent harm. Q3. Resume Typing Speed? Outline and evaluate studies relating to biological explanations of human aggression.
Assumption that aggression is caused by internal factors (rather than external) Influences summarised as: Biochemical influences: hormones; the neurotransmitter serotonin. Essays In French Literature? Brain structure influences. Aggression is the by-product of complex internal physiological processes. Researchers approached investigation of genetic factors in aggression primarily through twin and adoptions studies= to try and establish whether aggression- a product of inherited characteristic (nature) or environmental influences (nurture) KEY STUDY- Rhee and Waldman (2002)- Meta-analysis of 51 twin and adoption studies = 87,000 individuals. Anti-social behaviour operationalised in terms of: Psychiatric diagnoses-e.g. anti-social personality disorder. Calculated= genetic component of anti-social behaviour across the studies- approx. What Phd Dissertation? 40% Environmental contribution approx.
60% Self-report used in meta-analysis- limits reliability= as differences found as: Self-report individuals = assessed genetic component at 39%/ individuals assessed by another person= 53% Difficult to essays literature separate genetic/environmental effects in twin studies- MZ twins have more similar environmental experiences. Specific genes cause aggression- such as= Sandberg (1961)-identified (scientifically known as) the types of vacations classification essay 47 XYY karyotype. Essays Literature? Court-Brown’s research (1965 and is easy steve, 1967)- found that of a sample of in french literature 314 patients- those with XYY would be ‘best hospitalised due to an increased likelihood of appearances are deceptive aggressive behaviour’= statement not substantiated with evidence. Media encouraged the belief XY phenomenon with films – XYY man/ Alien 3= limits potential for explaining aggression due to its deterministic focus. Aggression passed through genetic transmission- looked at essays in french literature through animal studies.
Nelson (2006)- noted selective breeding experiments can lead to more aggressive behaviour in animals. Theory supported by Cairns (1983)- in study of types of vacations classification essay mice. Observational animal research has= Methodological issues: Evidence helps researchers to create more informed models. Difficult generalising findings from animals to in french literature humans/ no alternative-using humans in are deceptive essay, genetic research seen as unethical. Artificial settings/lacks ecological validity- to how aggression might occur in a real-life setting. Difficult to separate influence of biological genetic factors (nature) from environmental upbringing (nurture)- as extraneous variables could be causing aggression- unreliable. She examined personality traits of literature a sample-XYY men compared these to a sample of XY men and XXY men(thought to be more feminine) Focused on is easy levels of aggressiveness between 2 groups. Found= in all occurrences of X (about 1 in every 1,000) only characteristic of height seemed to be linked to the XYY condition. Levels of aggressiveness between groups fluctuated-= no definite conclusion could be drawn.
Basic measure of essays literature comparing XYY to XY male inmates in prison/ comparing evidence to general population= lacks validity. Typing? XYY research= found no consistent link between genotype/aggressive nature. Using thematic apperception testing= showed XYY tend to give more aggressive/ less anti-aggressive interpretations of images- compared to essays in french XY men. Theilgaard concluded= issue is speed, too complex- XYY men might seem to be more aggressive/ but tendencies didn’t mean they would perform aggressive acts/ resulting in prison. Hormones influence many parts of essays our lives: Court cases have shown that hormonal fluctuation-woman’s pre-menstrual tension can be used as grounds for writing steve essay claims of temporary insanity- to reduce a charge of murder to manslaughter= R v Smith (1979) 3 All ER 605,611 (CA) Nelson (1995)- reviewed research into how hormones influence aggressive behaviour= seems to be a positive correlation between level of in french androgens circulating in the body and aggressive behaviour in female/male prisoners. Levels of androgens not measured a precise point when aggressive act performed. Testosterone= androgen produced by Leydig cells in male testes/in adrenal cortex= release of hormone is is easy steve martin essay, rhythmic following natural circadian rhythm. Increased levels of testosterone associated with increased levels of aggression= e.g. In French? during puberty aggression increases when androgen levels are higher. Wagner, Beuving and classification, Hutchinson (1979)= show if a male mouse is literature, castrated- levels of aggression reduce/ if mouse receives testosterone aggression levels increase.
Research graph correlating the number of biting attacks compared to the mouse (pre-castration=post-castration=given 150 microgm/day of de couleur testosterone) results show positive trend- increase in essays literature, the number of types biting attacks with increase of testosterone= post-castration/given testosterone. Research correlational- cannot establish cause+ effect= androgens encourage aggressive behaviour but- they could encourage social dominance/ impulsiveness/ competition. Essays? Pillay (2006)- high testosterone levels can be desirable for athletes= given link to high levels of competition/athlete’s need for more muscular bodies. “testosterone is only one myriad of factors that influence aggression and proposal, the effects of environmental stimuli have at times been found to correlate more strongly” Other environmental factors e.g. temperature/noise/overcrowding have an influential role in showing aggressive behaviour. Huston et al (2007)- basal model of testosterone= more testosterone/ more competitive/dominant. Mazur and in french literature, Booth (1998)- reciprocal model of testosterone= testosterone levels vary with person’s dominance.
It is the effect not cause. Study= 2,100 air force veterans- over 10 year period- four medical examinations Methodological issues: No peer review- essential in validity of research. Longitudinal study- increased amount of data. Using veterans- unable to writing steve martin generalise findings- aggression could be influenced by external factors e.g. memories of the war/ or psychological factors= post-traumatic stress disorder. Serotonin neurotransmitter important in the control of aggression= low levels of serotonin- less able to essays literature control impulsive/aggressive behaviour= Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine- 5HT)= Lenard (2008)- “low serotonin levels in the brain can result in impulsive behaviour/aggression/overeating/depression/alcohol abuse/violent suicide”. Sample? Normal levels of serotonin exerts a calming/inhibitory effect in the brain. = Cases (1995) Serotonin + aggression. Davidson, Putnam and Larson (2000)= suggested role of essays serotonin-‘inhibitory function’ of aggressive tendencies: Compared violent criminals to non-violent= low levels of serotonin in resume typing speed, violent criminals. Animal research supports this= in mice- serotonin 1B receptor not functioning-found increase in aggressive behaviour.
Tame domestic animals have higher levels of serotonin. Russian researchers looked at silver foxes (animals have been tamed by humans- more than 30yrs)= Found= all had higher levels of serotonin/5-HIAA. Essays In French Literature? Summers et al (2005)= observed that globally acting serotonergic drugs do modify aggressive behaviour- but cannot be singularly identified as the only cause of activity in regions of the what phd dissertation brain- that could have serotonergic effects on aggression. Mann et al. (1990) = administered drug (known to deplete serotonin levels in the brain) to 35 healthy adults. Found= among males (but not females)- hostility/aggression levels increased after treatment with the drug. Essays? Study of the negative relationship between serotonin/aggression- correlational- doesn’t establish cause+ effect relationships. Ethical issues: when using human participants-research must look after (not use) – to further understand/make better our human existence.
Neurotransmitters on their own-out of context to the wider physiology of the brain-ignore influence of brain structure on demonstrating aggressive behaviour. Brain structure/damage. Hypothalamus/amgydala associated with aggressive responses: Bard and of vacations essay, Mountcastle (1953)- looked at ‘rage’ in cats caused by detachment of higher/lower brain through lesioning= Concluded: hypothalamus initiates aggressive behaviour/cerebral cortex reduces behaviour. Flynn (2006)- found stimulating= lateral hypothalamus in cats- more likely show ‘predatorial aggression’. = medial hypothalamus-more likely to literature show ‘vicious attack behaviour’. Amgydala= in 1930’s-careful lesioning of amgydala of aggressive animals showed taming effect.= harming/causing dysfunction to animal is unethical. Amgydalectomy- in humans reduces violent behaviour- but emotion is types of vacations, lost. Brain injury/damage to brain can alter the in french processing of information/ causes aggression. Frontal cortex closely connected to hypothalamus/amgydala- damage often show: impulsive behaviour/irritability/ short temper/easily provoked.
Phineas Gage- railway worker- a tamping iron- entered left side of his face= passed through jaw/up+ behind left eye/ exited through top of his head- he survived for 11 years after: Noticeable changes in persona- formerly quiet/hard-working/shrewd character turned to very negative/aggressive individual – after result of brain injury. Convincing- but case study- one person- generalisibility limited/ relying on essay accuracy of medical notes made in 1868 by Harlow (Gage’s physician). Evidence supports the idea that the essays in french Amygdala- has influential effect on mediating aggressive responses. Animal studies- cats/rats/hamsters- show neural processed surrounding amgydala functioning= can explain aggressive changes in behaviour. Difficult to de couleur en ligne generalise- animal studies to humans- human brain more complex than many animals. Potegal et al. (1994)= argue generalisation between animals and humans should be more viable- human/animal differences are qualitative ( i.e. In French? basics the same/ details different): Underlying neural circuitry related to emotional expression seems more similar- allowing for more avenues of generalisation. Essay? Blair et al. (2001) = shows in cases – humans hospitalised for psychopathic tendencies- often caused by in french, damage to amgydala. Supported by resume, various findings in non-human animals.
Biological explanations are reductionist as it ignores: Influence of culture in aggressive behaviour- socialisation- (e.g. In French? Arapesh tribe= Mead (1935) Aggression learned through observation of various forms of media- Freedman (2002) Situational factors- e.g. temperature/overcrowding/noise • Showing of aggression may simply be result of frustration- ultimately becomes aggressive actions through the identification of what aggressive cues in environment. Q4. Outline and evaluate research studies into evolutionary explanations of human aggression. Aggressive behaviour by animals= Craig (1921)- provided 1st attempt understanding aggression from in french, ethological p.o.v.- since Darwin’s work- late 1800’s. Craig- made clear- that animals- ‘even when the animal does fight, he aims not to destroy enemy, but only get rid of his presence and interference’ = Van Der Dennen (2005) Lorenz (1966)-ethologist- stressed humans are animals- show similar behaviour patterns to animals: • Four main drivers behind behaviour of animal= fear/reproduction/hunger/aggression. Types Classification Essay? Functions of in french aggression= Help to ensure fittest/strongest were selected (females select male- who offer greatest survival- form them/offspring) Ensure survival of are deceptive essay young (parents show aggression- protecting offspring) Help to in french literature distribute a species in appearances are deceptive, balanced way- animals have own territories.
Lorenz- idea of ritualised aggression- to in french explain aggressive animal behaviour e.g. stags rutting. Analysis furthered- stating animals know when to long proposal sample stop being aggressive (few ever kill enemy)= Gross (1998)- jackdaw behaviour= 2 jackdaws about to literature attack each other- if 1 displays- appeasement tactic – (showing a behaviour indicating defeat/submission)- the other jackdaw wont attack. Of Vacations? Lorenz- criticised by other ethologists/academics: Lehrman (1953)- questions whether correct to make comparisons between species/assume findings for essays literature animals to humans- suggest even though 2 behaviours seem similar- cant assume underlying mechanisms the long same. Aggressive behaviour by humans: • Fromm (1973)- questions Lorenz’s view= states human aggression comprises 2 forms: benign aggression/malignant aggression e.g. Literature? malignant= organised violence-gang warfare- ethnic ‘cleansing’-eradication of Jews in WW2 / benign= parent defending their child from harm by resume typing, attack/ threat. Nelson (1974)- states Lorenz misses 3 basic factors that can affect aggression: Process of learning: Bandura shows people may learn aggressive behaviour through observation. Structural causes: Nelson- suggests structural causes relate to nature of social- e.g. society without norms/rules- aggression likely to spread. Psychological causes of in french literature aggression: highlight failings of appearances are deceptive biological approach= in animal kingdom-aggressive action directed to ‘actual enemy’- threat/challenge. In humans- aggression can be motivated by many different personal factors e.g. mood/feelings + situational factors e.g. In French? heat/overcrowding. In some cases of human aggression- victims aren’t seen as fellow humans= Fromm (1964)/ Erikson (1956)- might be case in situations of unprovoked random attacks: Rapoport (1965)- suggests ‘man by virtue of his ability to writing steve manipulate symbols, attaches the literature label ‘enemy’ to entire categories of things: other animals, other people, even inanimate objects and ideas#8230;accordingly aggression ceases to be leads by the situation.’ Differences between animal and resume speed, human aggression:
Human aggression= might be adaptive/useful i.e. product of evolution. Use of weapons means aggression is destructive/not ritualistic: Tinbergen (1968)-suggest humans only species- aggression not part of ritualistic system e.g. mating- but is rooted in desire to harm another. Evolutionary explanations of human aggression. Essays? Acts of terrorists e.g. 9/11 or ware in general= explained through Tinbergen’s ideas/evolutionary theory= as advances in weapon technology distancing means that aggressor doesn’t need to be physically close to what is a the recipient of aggression: Means that appeasement/distress signals that would stop acts of aggression no longer apply e.g. plane crews who are eager to drop bombs on ‘targets’- would not be eager to stab/burn children/adults with their own hands. Krueger et al. Essays? (2002)- evolutionary approach concerned with how skills/methods of dealing with environment have evolved into behaviours used in today’s society=
Many evolutionary changes seen in Pleistocene era- since then evolution has been static- Brody et al. (2004) Evolutionary psychologists believe- series of what is a psychological mechanisms affect behaviour/don’t vary much between individuals- universal= they think behaviour witnessed linked to reproductive success of individual= likely to suggest aggression is result of literature sexual competition: Females invest in types classification, parental issues e.g. time/energy/food etc. In French Literature? Males compete for females- to pass on their genes= ensure reproductive success: Kenrick, Trost and Sheets (1996). Dominant image for men nowadays is ‘provider of valuable resources’- men need to classification essay be assertive/aggressive. Waller (2002)- applied approach to explain mass killings/genocide= humans have evolved living in groups- need to essays literature define boundaries- formulating ‘in’ group (us) and ‘out’ group (them)= likely to result in aggression. Could be caused by ancestral past- xenophobia- need for people to feel socially dominant= holding ethnocentric perspectives- lead to acts of aggression/violence. Buss (1999)- foolish to assume aggressive behaviour just male versus male: in steve martin, women physical violence limited- partly due to physiological differences/strength- but verbal aggression is common. Female to female verbal aggression- often aimed at reducing ‘attractiveness’ of competitors- in eyes of in french literature males= strategy – evolutionary advantage for ‘name-caller’ Influence of infidelity on aggressive behaviour. Infidelity- process unfaithful to partner/ sexual relationship with another person= infidelity had impact on what phd dissertation relationship + quality of interpersonal communications between partners/others. • Psychologists argue- act of essays in french infidelity triggers emotional state within individual- as perceived threat to relationship/current status quo: Buss, Larsen, Western and Semmelroth (1992)- argue- would naturally lead to is a phd dissertation show behaviours to reduce/ eliminate threat e.g. act of violence/aggression • Sexual infidelity for literature men/women- triggers sexual jealousy= psychologists suggest cues/ triggers are different for males/females: Brunk et al. (1996)- suggest from proposal, male’s p.o.v- infidelity by female- brings uncertainty of paternity- profound sexual jealousy/ For female who becomes pregnant after act of infidelity- associated sexual jealousy influenced not by parental uncertainty- but lack of time/economic resources- given to literature her/ offspring by her mate. = lack of emotional support that makes women aggression/ men’s anger/subsequent aggression- based upon suspicion of typing wife’s infidelity. Evolutionary psychologists- look at infidelity from male and female perspectives to avoid gender bias into their research into literature, explanations of aggression. Influence of jealousy -n ot unusual to witness violence/ acts of aggression influenced by resume typing speed, jealousy= Harvey, Sprecher and Wenzer (2004) Cascardi and Vivian (1995)- participants asked explain cause of aggression in relationship- jealousy most commonly attributed cause.
Canary, Spitzberg and Semic (1998)- argue couples with relationship conflicts- reported anger/ aggression contributed by essays in french literature, jealousy. Violent males lack effective ways of mediating/ responding to situation of jealousy/ compared to essayer lentille en ligne non-violent males- Holtzworth- Monroe and Anglin (1991). Essays In French? Haden and Hojjat (2006)- differences in sexual jealousy of young women/men= focus on what phd dissertation aggressive responsiveness in partner rivalry situations. 2 separate studies found= men more likely than women- to consider aggressive action against rival/ women more emotionally/ behaviourally reactive. In USA- Morenz and Lane (1996)- Evolutionary theory- explains jealousy as desire to keep one’s mate= males have tendency to show mate tending/guarding activities – aggressive activities to avoid sexual infidelity- Buss and Shackelford (1997)/ females display behaviours less frequently. Limitations- evolutionary approach fails to explain why individuals might react in essays in french literature, different ways when faced with same adaptive problem: different men react in different ways when confronted with their wife’s infidelity e.g. violence, debasement, or avoiding issue (by getting drunk) Cultural differences- fails to explain why some cultures seem to require male violence to attain social status/ other cultures (peaceful)- aggression leads to irreparable damage to reputation of the aggressor= Buss and Shackelford (1997)
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Informative Speech Outline How To Write A Resume Essays and essays in french Research Papers. ? (Note: If a student were to give a speech on how to do a speech outline , this is what he/she . might turn in for an outline of that speech . This is only an long proposal sample example to guide the in french, creation of your own outline .) Speech Outlining Example General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: After listening to my speech , my audience will know the is easy steve essay, basic format and guidelines for preparing an outline . Introduction I. Open with impact: Imagine you are going to build a house. 0 , 2005 albums , Citation 722 Words | 4 Pages. How to essays literature, Give an Informative Speech. INFORMATIVE SPEECH ASSIGNMENT Overview: For this assignment you must present an informative . speech to an audience of your peers.
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B. Salutation 1. Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen. C. Ethos 1. What increases heart rate, causes sleep disturbance, makes people cry, act violent, makes some people sleep more and literature causes untold aches and pains? It's Wednesday! Six hours of homework to do, babysit the steve essay, little sister, feed the dog, cut the grass, oh and literature lets not forget your boyfriend is being a jerk. Causality , Chronic stress , Coping skill 810 Words | 3 Pages. audience? How would the essayer lentille de couleur, speaker go about it and essays in french what type of speech would the speaker choose. Well chapter 13 contents the . creative process for informative speaking. What informative speaking is how to choose a focused informative topic, how to conduct a research and informative outline ? The chapter also contains how to organize the body, introduction, and conclusion of the informative speech . Lastly chapter 13 contents explain how to prepare to present the speech and evaluate and informative speech . Essayer Lentille. . Knowledge management , Language , Learning 850 Words | 3 Pages. INFORMATIVE SPEECH OUTLINE SPCH1111 Brett Good Deb Lawson 3/26/2015 Cancer I. OPENING WOW? . : Did you know that more than eight million people are expected to die from cancer just this year?
That means there are over 1,500 people dying from literature, this disease every day! THESIS? : Cancer is a fatal disease that could be preventable and appearances one day possibly curable. Essays. FORECAST? : In my speech , I will discuss exactly what cancer is, ways to protect yourself and are deceptive essay prevent from developing cancer, and also different types of treatment if . Cancer 364 Words | 3 Pages. ? Informative Speech Outline Your Name: COMS 101 Date Due: Organization: Identify your . outline pattern here. Your only option for this speech is the Topical pattern (see the textbook, p 701).
Audience analysis: Provide a description of your audience (e.g., its demographics like age, gender, ethnicity, etc. as well as any other information about them that impacts the way you plan and present the speech (see the textbook, pp. Literature. 618–628). Topic: In 1 or 2 sentences, identify the career/job. Citation , Parenthetical referencing , Phrase 1011 Words | 4 Pages. example of informative speech outline. ? EXAMPLE OF INFORMATIVE SPEECH OUTLINE Informative Outline Topic: Impact . of types, Media in the Society and essays in french literature Individual General Purpose: To Inform Specific Purpose: To inform my audience the negative impact of social media in are deceptive, the society and to literature, the individual. Thesis: Social media websites are some of the long proposal, most popular haunts on literature, the Internet. They have revolutionized the way people communicate and socialize on the Web. I. Introduction A. Attention Getter: Today, just about.
Internet , Marshall McLuhan , Mass media 901 Words | 3 Pages. ? Informative Speech Outline Introduction Every year we are given 365 days, 8,765 hours, 526,000 . minutes, or 31.6 million seconds. How we spend this time is entirely different, but that’s what makes us unique from everyone else. As a college student, managing your time is of vacations essay everything. From choosing how long to study to what people you hang out with the most affects your college years tremendously.
Subject Sentence: Depending on how you spend your time can make you fail or succeed. Goal , Health , Management 421 Words | 3 Pages. How to Write an Informative Essay? and a conclusion. The body is made up of the supporting materials reinforce the main point of your speech and makes you a more credible . Literature. speaker. Of Vacations Classification Essay. One of the most important things about supporting facts is having verifiable information. Literature. Your main point, knowledge of your subject, and definitions are all clarification facts. Opinion is different from facts because eat cannot be varied because it is en ligne how you or someone else feels. The presentation of information in numerical for is statistical support.
Cognition , Information , Perception 890 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Speech A persuasive speech tries to influence or convince. Essays In French Literature. It involves directing, guiding or appealing to the . thinking, logic or emotions of an individual or an audience. What Is A. The goal is to essays in french literature, help the listeners to speed, accept the essays in french literature, idea, attitude or action being presented by the speaker. It is accomplished by resume the use of argumentation, rationalization, symbolism, and presenting supportive information. Choose a topic that appeals to you but that is also appropriate for in french literature the audience. Follow the outline below. Audience , Audience theory , Conclusion 612 Words | 4 Pages. ? Informative Speech Outline “Depression” INTRODUCTION I. Long. Good evening everyone! Many of us have face depression . In French Literature. sometime before or maybe facing it now.
II. This is something that most of us feel at one time or another in what, our lives. III. I have taken some time to research three websites all about depression as well as have experienced it myself in my life. IV. Depression is the most common mental disorder and according to the National Institute of literature, Mental Health, about 9.5 percent of the population. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 615 Words | 3 Pages. Informative Speech Outline NAME: COMS 101 Date Due: Organization: Identify your outline . Lentille De Couleur En Ligne. pattern here. Your only option for this speech is the essays in french literature, Topical pattern (see the textbook, p 701).
Audience analysis: Mixed gender group ages 20-25 with a fairly good background on resume typing speed, the subject. Literature. Topic: To show how the work of lawyers is a valued by God, and to show how one person can be a lawyer and are deceptive serve God. Rhetorical Purpose: To inform my audience about literature lawyers and the role they play. Redemptive. Bible , Christianity , Criminal defense lawyer 1226 Words | 4 Pages. Informative Speech on Accounting outline. ? Informative Speech Outline Dusti Goertz COMS 101 Date Due: 9/30/2013 Organization: For this . speech I will be utilizing the topical pattern. Audience analysis: Provide a description of your audience (e.g., its demographics like age, gender, ethnicity, etc. as well as any other information about them that impacts the way you plan and present the speech (see the what is a phd dissertation, textbook, pp. 618–628).
Topic: In this speech , I am going to describe why accountants have a bad reputation as being both. Accountancy , Accountant , Accounting scandals 1673 Words | 7 Pages. INFORMATIVE SPEECH !1 Informative Speech Sarah Struble A50258412 COM 100 sect 2 February 11, 2015 . TA: Reed Reynolds SL: Brandon DeLong INFORMATIVE SPEECH !2 Title: A Spring Break to Remember Topic: I want to talk about certain rules to follow in order for in french literature a person’s vacation to be the best it can be. Speed. I want these reasons to seem fun, easy, and true through use of quotes and literature experiences. It is interesting because everyone can relate to taking a trip, but it sheds new light on the subject. This. Audience , Audience theory , Coursework 1627 Words | 8 Pages.
Police and Informative Speech Outline. SPEECH WRITING Introduction What every speech needs is resume typing speed a hook. Your audience starts off restless, mentally lethargic, and in . some cases sleepy. You have to snap them out of it. If your introduction fails there’s very little chance of getting them back. Your hook can include anything from a humorous anecdote to a shocking or controversial statement. Which one you choose depends entirely on your subject matter and essays audience. This can follow or come before your thesis statement. Obviously, you want. Constable , If You Have to Ask , Need 2325 Words | 7 Pages. How to write a speech story How to write a speech story: Lead Most . newsworthy statement Date and location. (can also focus on reaction) 2nd paragraph Elaborates on lead, providing some background, followed by best quote *make best full quotes a separate 3rd paragraph if possible. (Audience reaction) 3rd paragraph Mixes paraphrase and appearances essay quotes to literature, develop main points of the speech . 4th paragraph Mixes paraphrase and quotes to develop main points of the speech . 5th paragraph . United Nations , United Nations Security Council 506 Words | 5 Pages.
? Informative Speech Outline Title: How to Get Your Scuba License Speaker: Katie Lopinski Specific . Purpose: To inform the basic fundamentals on how to get your scuba license Introduction: 1. Attention Getter: Have you ever wanted to visit outer space? Well the closest thing I’ve ever experienced as an equivalent to outer space was scuba diving in the ocean. Every creature and specimen you encounter feels as though you were the first human to lay eyes on it. The flash of colors from fish dashing. Disney's California Adventure Park , Disneyland Park , Disneyland Resort 1262 Words | 4 Pages. Informative Speech Outline General Purpose: To Inform . Types Of Vacations Classification Essay. Specific Purpose: To inform Students about The Keep-A-Breast Organization Central Idea: I’d like to inform students about The History of Keep-A-Breast Organization, Who the Keep-A-Breast Organization is, and how they get young adults interested in in french, Prevention of Breast Cancer.
Introduction I. Resume Speed. Breast. Awareness , Breast cancer , Cancer 832 Words | 4 Pages. Informative Speech Outline Speech 131 Author’s Note: This research is being submitted for . Title: Taxes Made Easy! Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about how to use the essays, 1040EZ tax form. Central Idea: Today, I hope to writing steve martin, make tax season easier for you by essays literature demonstrating to essayer, you how easy it is to fill out and essays in french literature file the 1040EZ income tax form, if you qualify. Introduction Stanton Delaplane once joked about the IRS, saying he heard it had suggested a simplified tax form with only. Income tax , Internal Revenue Service , Madrid Metro 1184 Words | 4 Pages. A List of Informative Speech Topics: Pick Only Awesome Ideas! Just when you thing you're way past through the question . How to write an essay?, another one comes. Writing Is Easy Steve Essay. That's the thing students desperately Google like What is a informative speech ? – and, believe experts, this is essays in french something you'll definitely need some professional help in.
Informative speaking is a speech on long proposal, completely new issue. Tell your audience something they have never known! Now that you know the answer to the question “What. Eating , Essay , Food 786 Words | 3 Pages. Informative Speech on Tequila Outline. Informative Speech Outline General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about . how tequila is made; from in french, growth, to field harvesting, to factory production Central Idea: The art of producing tequila is typing speed passed down from essays, generation to lentille en ligne, generation, and follows a strict code of essays in french literature, reproduction to maintain the quality and . Agave , Agave tequilana , Distillation 1014 Words | 4 Pages. ?Jenna Meneses COM 115 – Public Speaking Informative Speech Outline Topic: Diabetes Purpose: To inform my audience . Appearances Are Deceptive Essay. members about diabetes, the complications of diabetes, and essays in french what they can do to prevent diabetes from happening or how they can manage and maintain a healthy lifestyle if they are currently living with diabetes. Introduction I. Show of hands, how many of you know someone who has diabetes? Need/Connection II.
According to the National Diabetes Report, 2014 from the centers for disease. Blood sugar , Diabetes , Diabetes mellitus 871 Words | 4 Pages. Informative speech preparation outline. ? Informative speech preparation Outline . Title: BONE MARROW DONOR COMPENSATION. Specific Purpose: To educate . What Is A. my audience about the consequences of essays in french, bone marrow donor compensation. Central Idea: In order to writing is easy martin, know the consequences of bone marrow donor compensation, we need to know its advantages and disadvantages. Introduction. -Have you ever been sick to a point where you needed someone to donate either an organ or body fluid to in french, help cure your illness? - Me neither. Resume Typing Speed. -But. Blood , Bone marrow , Chemotherapy 1011 Words | 4 Pages. ?ORGC 201 Informative Speech Assignment Create a 5-6 minute presentation using PowerPoint visuals.
Make sure your PowerPoint . follows the guidelines discussed in class. The purpose of the presentation should be to inform the audience. Your presentation should reflect a topic, theme, or issue relevant to your major. For ideas of topics, you may consider looking at issues of Crains’ Chicago, The Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg BusinessWeek, The New York Times, The Chicago Tribune, cnn.com, The. Audience , Better , Evaluation 1497 Words | 4 Pages. Public Speaking 10/05/2010 Informative Speech Outline CAT (GT) Overnight Backpacking (ST) Enlightening . (TS) Overnight backpacking is enlightening. (MP1) Overnight backpacking is enlightening because being out in nature away from the everyday responsibilities of essays literature, our world can put ones life into perspective. (MP2) Overnight backpacking is enlightening because people that share an long outdoors experience often become closer and understand each other better. ------------------------------------------------- . Biodiversity , Hiking , MPEG-1 Audio Layer II 290 Words | 3 Pages. 7:30-9:30pm Informative Speech Outline 1. Topic: Mobile, . Alabama 2. General purpose: To inform 3. Specific purpose: To inform about the general history and facts of Mobile, Alabama 4. Thesis statement/ central idea: Mobiles rich history and diverse culture makes it a very interesting city to learn about, and essays a fun place to live.
I. Types Of Vacations. Introduction A. Literature. Attention getter: “ How many of you have heard of or been to Mobile, Al?” . Alabama , American Civil War , Jim Crow laws 771 Words | 3 Pages. 125 of resume, 250 potential informative speech topics. In French Literature. Be sure to is a, analyze your audience and essays in french time limit before selecting a topic. Long Proposal Sample. These . topics can be used as they are, or you might have to make them more precise to suit the situation (available time, class requirements, etc.). In French. 1. Long Sample. How nuclear power works 2. The biography of your favorite actor 3. How to make pizza 4. The history of comic books 5. In French Literature. How to change your car’s oil 6. The story of how your school was founded 7. Long Proposal. How to pick a bottle of essays in french literature, wine . Deep sea fish , Prime number 656 Words | 4 Pages. ? Informative Speech Requirements Objective: To construct a well-written informative presentation following the is a, . Essays Literature. criteria below and effectively presenting to an audience. Resume Typing Speed. I have provided you with the in french, informative outline template that I expect you to use for this speech . I will also provide you with sample informative speeches in class so that you can see what one looks like. Topic selection 1. In this presentation you will be providing your audience with information about a topic. You should choose. APA style , Bibliography , Citation 700 Words | 2 Pages. Brady Bobendrier Informative speech Meats Judging Outline I. Appearances Are Deceptive. Introduction A. . Attention Getter: Vegetarian or carnivore?
If you’re a carnivore then you are going to want to listen? to learn something you will want to in french, know in the future when buying groceries. B. Essayer Lentille De Couleur. Bridge: Meats evaluation is literature a contest offered by FFA, 4H, colleges and universities to expand their knowledge of the major components of meat science. Typing Speed. C. Thesis: I hope to inform you on the different categories and share knowledge I . Meat 1198 Words | 5 Pages. ? Informative Speech Becky Schaelchlin Topic: The Effects of Diet and Exercise on Human Health Informative Purpose: . To instruct Type of Informative Topic: Issues Thesis Statement: Consistent diet and exercise has a positive effect on chronic diseases. Essays In French Literature. INTRODUCTION I. According to the Center for is a phd dissertation Disease Control and Prevention, as of 2012, about half of all adults—117 million people—have one or more chronic health conditions. While seven of the top ten causes of death in 2012 in the US were due to. Cancer , Exercise , Medicine 679 Words | 5 Pages. Outline of a Kpop Informative Speech.
?November 8, 2012 Outline of Informative Speech Kpop Invasion Topic: Korean pop General purpose: To inform… . Specific purpose: To inform about Kpop. Central idea: To inform my colleagues about in french literature Kpop. Kpop is more than ‘Oppa Gangnam Style’ that many have come to is easy martin essay, know. From music, it branched out to the other forms of in french literature, media that becomes a part of pop culture and writing is easy that of the new generation. Introduction Attention-getter: Play ‘Run by Tiger JK ft. Baby-T the Jungle. I wanted to play this. 2PM , Drunken Tiger , K-pop 1456 Words | 4 Pages. Informative Speech Outline : Topic/Title: _____Jhon F. Kennedy an Inspiration through the Ages. _______ . Introduction: Purpose: The purpose of this speech is to provide information on literature, President John F. Kennedy.
The speech will provide a history of President Kennedy’s life, the resume, memorable points of his presidency and essays literature why he is an inspiration. Specific Purpose: To share with them his early life, his political career, his load of presidency, his tragic death, and his inspiration. Thesis. Cold War , Cuban Missile Crisis , Democratic Party 871 Words | 4 Pages. American Sign Language (ASL) Outline General Purpose: To inform the audience of this complex language and the steps involved in signing a . Proposal Sample. sentence. Essays Literature. Specific Purpose: By learning how to steve essay, sign a sentence, we can see that sign language is just as expressive as spoken language. Introduction 1. Attention Getter: (Sign the sentence “The birds sit on the fence.) Do you know what I just said? Talking with our hands is something we all do without even thinking about essays in french it.
Hand motions for. American Sign Language , British Sign Language , Finger 832 Words | 3 Pages. NAME : Syifa Fadhilah Hamid CLASS : 12 DBM SUBJECT : Outline Informative Speech SPECIFIC PURPOSE : to inform . my audience about Deja Vu CENTRAL IDEA : to inform my audience about the theory of Deja Vu. Including what, how and the effect about Deja Vu . Is A. INTODUCTION: Attention Getter : I can’t remember any things well while I thought something happened to essays literature, me, I feel like I ever seen something but I don’t know when it was or where it was. And I also feel like I’ve been somewhere but I don’t. Brain , Consciousness , Deja vu 1502 Words | 4 Pages. Informative Speech Outline for Drums. class about the history of is easy steve martin essay, drums and in french drumming.
Specific Purpose: At the end of my informative speech , I would like everyone . to what, understand where drums came from and how they are used today. Thesis: Drums give the world of music rhythm. Without drums and drum beats, I believe that music today would not be as good as it is currently. Introduction: A. How many in here like to in french, listen to music? How many actually focus on essayer lentille de couleur en ligne, specific parts of a song? Have you ever stopped and essays literature really listened. Bass drum , Drum , Drum kit 823 Words | 3 Pages. Diabetes- Informative Speech outline.
? INFORMATIVE SPEECH OUTLINE General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: To inform audience of the signs you . can look for resume speed and types of diabetes. I. Essays Literature. Introduction A. Attention Getter: Show of phd dissertation, hands. How many of you all have or know someone with Diabetes? B. Reason to Listen: According to in french, the “2013 Fast Fact Sheet” from the American Diabetes Association, nearly 26 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes, which is nearly 10% of the U.S. population. *exact facts. Diabetes , Diabetes mellitus , Diabetes mellitus type 1 885 Words | 4 Pages. ?Max Breslau Emily Phillips Communication 103 Informative Speech Outline October 7, 2014 Organization of the writing martin essay, . School System Entry level schooling begins from the essays in french, ages of 1-6. Following the age of 6, compulsory level education lasts eleven years (17 years of age). Resume Typing Speed. After lower level education is completed, two years of upper level schooling is required.
Two options are provided to fulfill upper division courses: general education prepares the student for higher education, while vocational education. Academic degree , College , Education 718 Words | 6 Pages. TITLE ASSIGNMENT: Informative Speech United Kingdom Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the culture elements of in french literature, . United Kingdom and are deceptive essay explain how they formed Central Idea: To increase the desire of you to visit United Kingdom this fascinating country Introduction Nowadays, travel has become a popular activity due to essays, the advance of science and technology. What Phd Dissertation. Not only scholars will travel for essays literature education, people will also travel for types of vacations classification essay business, visit friends. England , Ireland , Northern Ireland 750 Words | 4 Pages. ?LuHua (Lucy) Hung COMM107 Dr. Epkins Informative Speech Outline I. Introduction a. Attention Getter: There is . always someone or something that people are crazy for. This is a thing that people are craving for though out in french, their lives and have always wanted it more.
This is the redolent taste of en ligne, sugar. Once the body gets exceed the amount of sugar that it can embrace, then here comes the literature, diabetes. i. Class statistics: 55% of the lentille de couleur, classmate knows someone, either friends or family who lives with diabetes. American Diabetes Association , Diabetes , Diabetes mellitus 601 Words | 3 Pages. Outline Subject: Making an outline Choose a topic which interests and challenges you. Your attitude towards the topic . may well determine the essays, amount of effort and appearances enthusiasm you put into your research. Focus on a limited aspect, e.g. narrow it down from Religion to World Religion to Buddhism.
Obtain teacher approval for your topic before embarking on a full-scale research. Select a subject you can manage. Essays In French. Find information. Surf the Net for what phd dissertation general or background information, check. Anne Hathaway , Argument , Critical thinking 539 Words | 3 Pages. Dreams: Addiction and Informative Speech. ? Speech Name _________________ Today silently read Chapter 14, “The Informative Speech ,” on pages . 321-353. Then label your paper and essays literature do one of the following: *Define the what phd dissertation, terms listed on page 349 and in french write answers to what phd dissertation, the “Review Questions” on page 350 for essays an A. * Write answers to the “Review Questions” on page 350 for what phd dissertation a B. *Define the essays in french, terms listed on page 349 for a C. Start thinking of a subject for lentille de couleur en ligne your informative speech . It may be on any topic (appropriate for school). Addiction , Alcohol , Brain damage 644 Words | 2 Pages. Informative Speech on How to Dress. | Informative Speech Manuscript | “A Professional Outlook” | | Date: February 8, 2012Name: Rasheedah M. Hasan | | . | Thesis: Appropriate dressing in in french, a professional setting can determine the attitude an employer may develop when first meeting you.
As you can see, I have two people standing here in typing speed, both business attire, and formal wear. You’re probably thinking to yourself why are they dressed so differently? As people, it takes the essays, average person seven seconds to judge an. Confidence , Employment , First Impressions 923 Words | 3 Pages. Informative Speech : Nuclear Energy Purpose: The purpose of this speech is to inform others about the production, . What Phd Dissertation. utilizations and impacts of nuclear energy. I. INTRODUCTION A. Attention Getter: When most people think of in french, nuclear energy, the first thing that comes to their minds is a devastating bomb explosion or a nuclear power plant meltdown.
But, in reality, nuclear energy is a sustainable energy source that has an enormous variety of uses. Writing Is Easy Essay. B. Essays In French. Thesis: The uses of nuclear energy range from. Chernobyl disaster , Nuclear fission , Nuclear fusion 1112 Words | 4 Pages. List of Informative Speech Topics People/Celebrity Topics •Biography of an actor, author, painter, politician or the life of . Appearances Are Deceptive. some influential person who has an in french important place in history E.g.: Life of Bill Gates, Life of Virginia Woolf etc. •Stories of real life heroes E.g. Heroes of 9/11 •Biography of some scientist, key inventions and how he/she changed the face of the world •Your favorite television/movie/cartoon character or any other famous personality that you like •Life of serial. Iraq War , Personality psychology , Self-esteem 610 Words | 4 Pages. PERSUASIVE PRESENTATION ASSIGNMENT 1. Proposal Sample. TOPIC: a. Essays In French Literature. Your speech must be about a topic you could reasonably persuade someone on in . about 5 minutes. (subject to is easy martin essay, teacher approval) b. No extreme topics (i.e., abortion, gay marriage, religion, etc.) 2. Literature. OUTLINE : a. You will first prepare a written outline using the template provided. Long. b. You need to use print (books, magazines, and encyclopedias) and online Library resources (ProQuest, SIRS Discoverer, SIRS Knowledge. Ban , Education , Law 789 Words | 3 Pages. Topic: How to overcome procrastination Purpose: To inform Specific purpose: To inform my audience about the facts, causes and essays in french drawbacks . of is easy essay, procrastination, and offer several advise and tips. Central idea: Procrastination is literature a psychological behavior that allows a person to essay, postpone or delay a certain activity or task.
Survey shows 95 percent of essays in french literature, us suffer from great stress and anxiety caused by what is a procrastination. There are two commonly known reasons: Lack of desire and fear. At last introduce. Anxiety , Causality , Fear 368 Words | 3 Pages. ?SPCH 250: Speech Fundamentals Speech 2: Informative Speech Due Date: 9/30/14, 10/2/14 Purposes of . Informative Speaking Informative speaking offers you an literature opportunity to practice your research, writing, organizing, and speaking skills. You will learn how to discover and present information clearly. If you take the time to thoroughly research and understand your topic, to create a clearly organized speech , and to practice an enthusiastic, dynamic style of delivery, you can be an effective teacher. Audience , Bibliography , Parenthetical referencing 462 Words | 3 Pages. COMMUNICATION CULTURE The Informative Speech Assignment Only upon approval of your research from Mrs. Cluff will you be . able to continue on to the stages below. Stage 1: Informative Speech Outline (see page three below) completed during preparation time and types of vacations due in class the day of your presentation.
Stage 2: Informative Speech Presentations due on essays, your presentation day (email list of dates of students’ presentation will be sent by email). Stage 3: Final Informative Speech Paper due immediately. Abstraction , Conclusion , Language 786 Words | 5 Pages. Informative Speech Outline on lentille de couleur, Alcatraz. * Alcatraz Informative Speech Outline General Purpose: To inform the class Specific Purpose: To describe to essays, . the martin, audience a brief history of Alcatraz. Thesis: Alcatraz has been a popular social topic because of the mystery that surrounds it and the stories exaggerated in literature, movies and television shows. Appearances Are Deceptive Essay. INTRODUCTION I. If you disobey the rules of society, they send you to prison; if you disobey the rules of the prison, they send you to Alcatraz. II. Alcatraz has been a popular social topic.
Alcatraz Island , Battle of Alcatraz , Birdman of Alcatraz 1093 Words | 3 Pages. Attention getter: Question: How many of you been a long distance relationship? More than 14 to 15 million people in the United States . considered themselves in in french, a long distance relationship. What. Purpose: To explain to in french, my audience how to maintain long distance relationship and how it works. Importance to Audience: Nowadays people use internet and smart devices so much that most of the people have a long distance relationship.
This speech hope to give you some ideas about long proposal sample how to maintain a long distance. Communication , Distance , Interpersonal relationship 604 Words | 2 Pages. negative and positive effects of caffeine. Thesis Statement: The purpose of my speech is to inform the essays literature, audience about the negative and resume typing speed positive . effects of in french, caffeine. Caffeine has become pervasive in our society lately that every few months we hear or read about proposal studies that indicate that it is bad for us or good for essays in french us. What are we to believe? Introduction ATTENTION GETTER: How many of you here consider yourself caffeine addicts? How much coffee do you drink in a day? One, two, or more cups of coffee? What. Caffeine , Coffee , Drink 1224 Words | 5 Pages.
Alissa Jarrar Informative Speech Prof. Essayer Lentille En Ligne. Dorsey 3/15 Topic: Dubai General Purpose: Tourism Specific Purpose: Attractions, Malls . and Hotels I. Introduction A. Attention Getter- Who has ever been to in french, New York City? Who has ever been to Las Vegas? Who has ever been to Miami? Who has ever seen pictures of these places?
What if I told you there was another place just like all these places on the other side of the world. Does anyone know of the city of Dubai? It is appearances are deceptive essay exactly like New York City, Las. Artificial island , Burj Al Arab , Dubai 803 Words | 4 Pages. I, How many of in french literature, you have been hearing about bullying? As you may hear on TVs or news or people are talking about the rates of bullying is essayer de couleur going . up from years to years. II, According to literature, a research survey, bullying occurs once every 7 minutes in long proposal, schools. Due to the National Youth Violence Prevention Center, almost 30% of adolescences in the USA (or over 5.7 millions) are estimated to take part in bullying either bullying, being bullied or both. Also according to a 2007 nationally representative poll. Abuse , Bullying , High school 905 Words | 3 Pages.
a lasting effect on a family so it’s important for everyone, especially young adults, to essays in french literature, be well informed about it because it can be a great option. E. . Preview: Today I am going to explain exactly adoption is, the process of adopting a child, and how it affects that developing child. Transition: I’ll start off by explaining what it is and the different kinds of adoption I. BODY A. There are several unique types of resume speed, adoption. No child has the same story. a. Technically adoption is the literature, legal transfer. Adoption , Adoption, fostering, orphan care and displacement , Closed adoption 1375 Words | 4 Pages. ? Informative Speech Breaking Amish Introduction: . De Couleur. AGD: One day my roommates and essays in french I were extremely bored and my one roommate Emily starts talking about a TV show called Breaking Amish that her mom always tells her is types of vacations really good. So we decided that we would watch it. Ever since we got hooked and watched it that entire weekend. . Amish , Amish school shooting , Anabaptist 1000 Words | 3 Pages. Sample Informative Speech Outline.
Sample Informative Speech Outline Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the different forms of essays in french, pain . management used during childbirth. Long Proposal. Central Idea: Pain management is an important aspect of childbirth that women need to essays in french literature, educate themselves on so they can make an informed decision when choosing which method they will use. Introduction I. Is Easy Martin. You hear screams, moaning, words of insanity; you may feel terrified or overwhelmed with pain. A. Acupuncture , Caesarean section , Childbirth 1222 Words | 5 Pages. Informative Speech Outline, Children and Violence. Informative Speech Outline #2 Topic: Children and TV Violence General Purpose/ Goal: To inform. Specific Goal: . I want my audience to know more about TV violence and children’s exposure to it.
Thesis Statement: My informative speech is going to inform you about the essays literature, definition of violence, how the media rates violence, and children’s exposure to is easy steve essay, media violence. Essays In French. Organizational Pattern: Topical INTRODUCTION I. Mahatma Gandhi said, “An eye for an eye will only essayer en ligne, make the in french, whole world blind.” . Media violence research , Reality television , Television 1248 Words | 3 Pages.
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45 Biography Templates #038; Examples (Personal, Professional) A biography is simply an account of someone’s life written by another person. A biography can be short in the case of in french literature few sentences biography, and long proposal, it can also be long enough to fill an entire book. The short biographies explain a person’s basic life facts and their importance, but the long biographies would go an extra mile and include more details to make an interesting read. You may find yourself in a situation which requires you to essays in french literature, write a biography of a famous person, a close friend or a relative. For this reason, it pays to steve, know how to essays literature, come up with a biography and types of vacations classification essay, the important details that you should include in it. The lives of many people have interesting bits of information, but you ought to know what to capture in the biography and what to leave out. The length of a biography depends on the type of information that should be included. Essays Literature! The length will determine the long proposal sample, nature of literature information and how extensively it will explain the life of a person. For instance, if you are to write a short paragraph about a person it will mostly capture the important details that identify the long proposal, person compared to a pages-long biography that may even include the person’s childhood experiences and achievements shaping their life.
For a short biography, maybe a paragraph or two long, the following details should be captured: A person’s date and place of essays in french literature birth, at times with the date and lentille de couleur, place of death as may be applicable The person’s major achievements in life Their educational background and notable awards Work facts of a person and their contribution to that field if any A brief account of the significance of an individual in the community. A lengthy biography will bring out more details of a person’s life making it a bit more complex. His/her history will be brought out more clearly especially the details that shaped them to be the in french, persons they turned out to be. The target audience will also dictate the appearances are deceptive essay, nature of the essays in french literature, information that is to be included. Essay! The relation of the audience to an individual will have an impact on essays, how the information is presented and the important details that they could be interested in.
In a case where the audience is unknown, more details will have to writing steve martin, be included. This mostly happens in the case of a several paged biography. You will have to scrutinize the person in a more detailed way and establish more people relating to the person. In French Literature! Focusing on the uniqueness of an individual can do wonders in this case and this might turn out to be inspirational to is a, many people. The field that the essays, person has majored in or had majored in ought to influence the direction that the long proposal, biography will take as this will help to bring out the contribution of the in french literature, individual to their field of study. A biography is meant to analyze a person’s life and de couleur en ligne, interpret it as well. A good biographer will try to join the dots and explain certain actions and events that a certain figure was involved in. This will help in clearly bringing out the significance of essays literature a person’s life through their accomplishments or remarkable deeds. Biographies are usually written in a chronological order. Some biographers could also draft them in a themed order that is early life, educational background, a person’s achievements or accomplishments.
But some especially the short ones will focus on one area in a person’s life. There are several sources of information that could aid one in writing an astounding biography. These sources of information can be grouped into either primary sources or secondary sources. The primary sources of information include materials like letters, newspaper accounts or diaries. Resume Typing Speed! A biographer can also make an arrangement to interview an essays literature individual they want to long proposal, write about. This is also considered as a primary source of information. The secondary sources are reference books, other biographies or historical records that are related to the subject being written about. Select the individual you want to write about Search for the basic facts that relate to a person’s life.
The encyclopedia or almanac could be handy at this. Think about the details to add in the biography which can bring out clearly about the person’s life. Choose the area in a person’s life that you want the biography to revolve around. In French! Some guiding questions that could aid you in this include; What’s the most interesting bit about the person? What is the significance of the speed, individual to the society and the world in general? What qualities or adjectives will be best suited for the description of the individual? What actions or life events bring out the qualities or adjectives chosen above? What life events or world events shaped the in french literature, individual or brought out the best in them? Did they face obstacles or take some risks in life? How did they handle the obstacles and types, did they happen to be lucky? What impact did they have in the world?
Did they add value to the way people view certain aspects of life? Did they come up with a thing, idea or way of action that transformed the way things are handled or rather done in their societies or world in general? Carry out some additional research on the internet to answer some of the questions mentioned above. Ensure that you find information that will help you tell a story that many will love. After getting everything in order, you can proceed to write the biography. We have provided sample biographies in this site that you could check out in order to get the drift.
A biography template is meant to specifically aid a writer come up with an excellent biography. Essays In French! For this purpose to long proposal, be achieved the writer needs to get his/her hands on a high-quality biography template, just like the ones provided on this site. Essays In French! The best biography templates should provide clear instructions, and this should be in great detail to avoid the risk of the writer missing out some important facts. The templates available on this site will help you capture all of the details. The biography templates should also be precise and avoid beating around the bush. Going round one idea or item will make the biography boring to read and it is prudent for is a phd dissertation the writer to be straight to the point.
By doing this it will be easier for the readers to in french literature, skim through and find the details they might be interested in is a phd dissertation, with lots of easy. The writer will also save his/her time and concentrate on writing other things. The general sections of essays literature any biography as outlined by our sample biographies will have; The name of the person A picture of the person An account of their early life The person’s family life The major achievements of the person The three main interesting qualities or facts about the individual. Lentille En Ligne! A professional Biography Template. A professional biography is a statement that could either be short or long that is written about a person, business or company. It should be engaging, informative and interesting for the readers to identify with the person or business entity being talked about. It has a sales pitch that is a little bit different.
A professional biography template is meant to ease the process of generating printed professional biographies especially for an individual who wants to reach a lot of people or institutions. Elements that should be captured in a professional biography are: A summary of one’s early life in a sentence or two, make it interesting Then information touching on in french, your education, mention any academic awards or the are deceptive essay, clubs and societies that you were part of. Any work experience while in in french literature, school. Talk about how creative and innovative you are with coming with solutions to the problems that you have faced as an individual, mention any situation that you were self-reliant in coming up with solutions Mention qualities that make you stand out for instance, being independent, principled or discerning to increase your trustworthiness. The following tips will enable you to come up with the best professional biography; Be brief and precise to of vacations essay, the point.
This is to enable the reader to essays literature, easily and of vacations classification essay, quickly get to know about you. Be spontaneous in your writing Be as expressive as possible and avoid too much of essays self-editing while drafting the professional biography in the initial stages to capture as much information as possible Be friendly but not too informal Be as interesting as you could in order to get the attention of many people out there Write it in what is a phd dissertation, third person. Talk about essays, your life as if someone else were describing it. This site offers you a professional biography template that could aid in making the generation of professional biographies an easy and less time consuming task. You can also check out sample bios to writing is easy steve martin, figure out how to go about the essays in french, whole process of coming up with a professional biography. A personal biography is a short account of essayer lentille de couleur who you are, your credentials and your notable accomplishments in life. Personal bios ought to be short, precise and relevant to your target audience. In French Literature! The use of personal statistics such as hobbies or family should be avoided. A personal biography template will help one to easily and conveniently come up with personal bios. The key elements in a personal biography are; Give an resume speed introduction of yourself.
Remember to write it in third person and essays literature, include the year that your professional career started to what, be relevant. Essays! You could give a list of any relevant specializations in your field. State your educational facts and is a phd dissertation, credentials. Mention the degrees that you have pursued and the respective institutions. Essays In French Literature! Add any relevant experiences you have that are required for your career and mention the name of the society that you are legally a member of. Proceed to outline any notable achievements or awards you have earned in your practice.
Remember that the appearances are deceptive, information ought to essays literature, be relevant to the audience being addressed. If you happen to be an author you could mention the magazines or any publishing house that has recognized your works. Resume! Your conclusion should mention any upcoming projects or works in progress that people should lookout for in the near future. Don’t forget to mention your current place of essays in french residence. As you age, it is good to keep on updating your biography to reflect who you are at present time. You can make use of the personal biography template offered by this site to easily and in a more convenient way generate your own biography without missing out on the important details.
We also provide sample biographies to appearances essay, give you a feel of what your end draft should look like. If you have kids and you want to let them in on famous historical figures, this site offers biographies for kids. These will help them know the notable people who help shape the world to what it has become to be.
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Essays in French Literature and Culture: School of Humanities…
essay with poem © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the essays in french most difficult aspect of the English course. But. Appearances Essay! fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach. Essays In French! Read on! Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on a link below. If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the site, here . What really must be covered in your coursework and exam answers?
At the core of any and classification every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. It is essays, this alone that attracts the majority of marks. In a nutshell, the resume speed more subtly you interpret a poem - and give support for your interpretation - the higher your marks, and grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at essays literature, face value. It is never the what phd dissertation literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. When you interpret a poem, you seek to explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and in french discuss why this was done.
Remember: the meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'. It is the poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of language. This is because poets have so little space in which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in facts . An interpretation is always an opinion - an insight into long proposal what the poem might mean. This is why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!). Examiners will always give the most marks to a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and are supported by in french, close and careful reference to the poem itself. Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is invariably easier to types essay, uncover the layers of meaning in a poem by discussing it with others . Somehow an literature, interaction of minds brings about clearer meaning and sample a moment when the penny drops. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the in french many who feel discussing poetry is not cool.
Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at stake . Writing Steve Essay! The exam is not a practice and essays in french literature you need to get the highest grade you can. Classification Essay! So, what to do? For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by going off at a tangent and misreading their poem. How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on in french the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in practice? Below is an example to help show you. It is based on a just a couple of lines from the lentille opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of in french literature you will know.
Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the same ideas to any poem you are studying. You will see from this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of a poem. This is a key thing for you to classification essay, appreciate. 'Excuse me standing on one leg I’m half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. ' Agard opens his poem by creating an obvious contrast between the standard English of the opening line of the poem and the Caribbean dialect of the second. This creates a clear contrast which works to alert the reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only in french one kind is considered to be prestigious and types essay 'proper' within educated circles.
Ironically, it is the essays dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. Proposal Sample! In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and introduce a key theme. In French Literature! He wants the reader both to consider and reflect upon what is long proposal sample, thought of as acceptable and what is essays in french literature, looked down upon in British society. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is actually very good language and language that is appearances essay, capable of in french communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the art of 'saying the unsayable'. En Ligne! Undoubtedly some poems can seem to create meanings and essays in french literature emotions that seem well beyond the sample words on the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing! Hopefully, you will come to in french literature, enjoy at least some of the poems you study at school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at writing is easy martin, least, appear worryingly difficult.
One of the difficulties with a poem is connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the maximum meaning and feeling into them. Poems are often dense with meaning and unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and skill. But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to work out just what the poet is trying to say, how the poem is 'working' and why this is being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to in french, read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is another! Of course, individuals react differently to such poems but many students seem to enjoy these two poems. Appreciating the subtleties of a complex poem in classroom conditions is far from ideal. This means that it will be necessary to resume typing, find a quiet place and time at home with mobile phone, MP3 player and TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to essays in french literature, read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the are deceptive essay poem's extra layers of meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the poem again.
It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in between readings. Reading for Meaning. Quite a useful thing to essays in french literature, do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is to. forget it's a poem! Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to dig for hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the poem's 'story' - that is, what it is generally all about. Essayer! This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in your essay that this will be one of things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. So, when you first read any poem, first of essays in french literature all, read it for meaning . Classification! These questions will get you on your way:
Make a note of essays in french literature who is doing the speaking in the poem - what kind of is a person and in what kind of state or mood? By the way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of essays in french literature it as an imagined poetic persona . Essayer De Couleur! Poets often like to explore all kinds of essays in french aspects of life in their work and this can mean that they try to write from different viewpoints, for example an older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl! Now work out who is is easy martin essay, being spoken to or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an imaginary person. Often, you a poem can seem to be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an essays literature, imaginary conversation. Think about just what is being spoken about? (What is the subject matter being discussed?). Now - and this is crucial to typing speed, a good understanding - work out exactly what tone of voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the literature speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?).
Importantly, does the tone of types of vacations essay voice change during the poem? Make a note of where this occurs. Finally, where do the events of the poem happen and what is the situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of sentences, forgetting the fact that these sentences have been split into lines . At the end of each sentence (i.e. stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at each semicolon - ; ), work out in french, what the what is a phd dissertation meaning is so far. Spend time thinking about this and perhaps note the idea down on the poem itself at the side of that part of the poem (this is essays in french literature, called annotating the de couleur en ligne text). This is often the easiest and literature surest way to essayer, find out what the poet is trying to say. You can consider the effects of essays literature other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the way the lines cut up the sentences, the use of rhythm and rhyme , alliteration and essayer lentille de couleur so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to understand!
They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences. If you find this to be the case, try searching for a study guide to your poem by clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for help. If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Even better (in fact, far better!) is to read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should! Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of essays in french literature a higher grade! Reading aloud is a very effective way of getting 'beneath' the poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings. But what you have to do is avoid a mouse-like monotone and is a phd dissertation instead try to achieve the essays in french literature voice the writing is easy steve essay writer of the literature poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!).
Click here to listen to a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'. You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the poem in writing is easy steve martin an overly stylised way , i.e. in a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Do always try to capture this distinctiveness. Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for sure, be there and the poet has created them to guide you towards a fuller understanding of the essays literature poem's content and messages . Try hard not to be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . Speed! This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems. Literature! Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'. And they are always consistent with the whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to get hold of, but it will be there to essayer lentille de couleur en ligne, find - and - very helpfully and importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an important quality of all literature, poems included. In French! It means that the meanings in the poem will all be developed and writing steve essay reinforced logically as the poem progresses . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines.
If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and it does not contribute in some obvious way to the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and misreading the essays poem: a classic way to lose marks! Click here to listen to John Agard reading a part of his poem, Half-Caste . Writing Is Easy Martin Essay! Notice the slow and essays emphatic nature of his voice. If you take a leaf from his book and read your poems slowly and dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from essayer de couleur, your poems - and essays gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an resume typing, essay about a poem needs the same skills that apply to all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is full of ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from which to create the necessary argument that forms the basis of the best essays. The best essays are written as if they were an argument - again, the essays Englishbiz guide has much more on appearances are deceptive this.
What is your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to show that you have understood not just the essays poem's 'surface' meaning - try to show knowledge of essay its layers of meaning and essays in french its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the poet has used language and poetic devices to help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the whole poem - as each idea is explored and builds up into a coherent whole. How to do this to gain high marks. Read the essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. Yes - they do, every year! If you are revising for essay, an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is required in the exam and your teacher will be happy to essays in french, mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the essay key words of the essay question and be sure you address each of these in literature your answer - marks will be lost if you don't!
In an exam question, there will usually be bullet points to appearances are deceptive, guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out exactly what is required of essays you. Discussing the resume poet's life and times, i.e. their context , rarely gains marks. It is often better to get on with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in emphasis and the tone of voice as the in french literature story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds. Work out how and why these tones and changes in tone have been made to occur through particular choices of language or form . This is important as it will allow you to comment on the structure of the poem and this gains many marks.
Be especially alert to the use of an ironic tone of voice. Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an effective means of engaging the reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and develops layers of meaning within the speed poem. As well as irony , poets frequently rely on essays in french the use of what is called ' figurative' language . It's very important to notice where figurative language is used, the effect it creates and the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in the mind's eye.
It is the phd dissertation use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to essays in french, create and shape meaning. It also works to phd dissertation, develop an emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is worth a thousand words. In French Literature! '. Look at these opening lines and see how the writing is easy martin images are created and begin to work: I’ve known rivers: I’ve known rivers ancient as the world and older than the. flow of human blood in essays literature human veins. My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for you to feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in mind , work out your response to it. Classification Essay! This is your own point of view on which you will base your essay.
An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in any text, but especially in a poem, is to essays, look for the effects of binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you. It is lentille en ligne, a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at in french, the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of is easy steve martin essay analysing the subtle levels of meaning created in poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE. Some more ways to essays literature, unlock the meaning of a poem. There is a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the one aspect that separates all poems from any other kind of writing: its form . You need to work out why the is easy steve poet wrote it in lines! Writing in in french literature lines means the poem is composed in verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the stanzas of the poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to be placed on parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out writing is easy essay, how the essays literature poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to essayer de couleur, shape meaning . Remember that only poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. Essays In French Literature! properly called a stanza ), or whether to use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in lentille which a poet can play around with the form of language to in french, add to the meaning: Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop. This can be used to create subtle effects.
For example, an end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on steve essay thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below). Some lines might 'run on' into the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the essays in french literature effect of an extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to an emphasis or a pause for thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the repeating of initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'.
This often creates emphasis and, like the use of rhythm and rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to create a different tone - depending on what phd dissertation which consonants are alliterated. Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to work out the tone of in french literature voice within your poem and note how and where this changes . A ssonance is the term used for the repetition of resume vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to the quality of the tone of voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of softness of mood or romance . A combination of in french literature soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone.
Rhyme is when the final sounds of words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for is easy martin essay, the thirsting flowers ') or at the end of two lines (this is called end rhyme ). Work our the effect rhyme creates. Does it make the poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is well with the world'? Often 'sound effects' created by using the form of words help to suggest a particular tone of voice . In French! For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality. Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of control or harmony as if 'all is well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of discord . Repetition of important words and phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the stanzas (i.e. what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in appearances are deceptive line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm? This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and essays hints at speed, that sense of 'control' and 'harmony' that seemed to exist in earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of values of today. Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and in french sound very different from traditional poetry. These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at the way the structure or sequence of resume speed ideas builds up in the poem (perhaps through a sequence of images ); make a note of the effect of essays this sequencing of ideas or images and is a how it adds to in french, the overall effect and is a phd dissertation meaning of the poem. Finally, notice if any particular words and phrases stand out in a particularly poetic way.
These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and in french ideas. Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical? Perhaps they create a vivid image , for resume speed, example. These effects act to draw you deeper into the world of the poem by essays literature, engaging your attention - a sure sign that the poem is what, 'working' on you! In your mind, 'become' the poet and ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. Essays Literature! What is 'your' poem about generally (e.g. Writing Is Easy Martin Essay! 'war') and in in french literature particular (e.g. 'the horror of fighting in of vacations classification essay trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to help your reader to understand some aspect of essays society or human life more clearly?
What was your intention or purpose? 3. What motivated you to write about such a subject? Were you affected by proposal, your circumstances : the essays in french literature beliefs, values and attitudes you hold to compared to the general beliefs, attitudes and values of your society or its leaders (i.e. Lentille De Couleur En Ligne! your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in essays in french literature which you wrote? Why was this? You will frequently be asked to write about more than one poem and of vacations this does add an extra layer of in french literature difficulty.
However, if you are writing an argument essay , the difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the resume speed poems themselves. Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into your essay as you write in essays support of the various points you are making to support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to compare and contrast the ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for your own argument. Essayer De Couleur! In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph. If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the alternative is to write an 'exploring essay'. In this kind of essays essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on resume to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the essays in french literature chance frequently to refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of comparison or contrast. N ever forget to compare and contrast!
This is a part of the mark scheme in this type of question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Know your poems well. 2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the poem will allow you to develop subtle insights into the poet's reasons and methods. It is the en ligne consistency, clarity, depth and subtlety of your analysis and essays insights that will gain the proposal sample highest marks. 3. Essays! Use the P.E.E. Of Vacations! method of analysis. 4. Never look for essays in french, and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of a poem's meaning, it is all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there. If a particular meaning exists within a part of a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. Speed! help out the meaning of. ) the essays in french whole poem - it will never just apply to a single line or phrase.
If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the poet is trying to appearances, say in essays in french the whole poem. A more obvious meaning is proposal, far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of in french your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about writing martin essay, it. Never be afraid to use a lively style when you write; in fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and essays interesting as you are! Avoid stuffiness and over-formality like the writing martin plague.